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古建筑为何这般凉快?
发布时间:2021-07-16     作者:   来源:起航号   分享到:

wulungonggedianyu,haishilaozhaiminju,yijiaotajinqu,fangfoshunjianjiunengjiangzaoreshuaichushenti,jinrulingyifanqingyouliangkuaideshijie,lingrenshenqingqishuang、xinmingyanliang。

tongyangshijianzhu,weishenmeneixiegulaodejianzhu,sihubixiandaijianzhugengjiayiju?weishenmetamennengzairucigaowendetianqili,chongdangzhe“tianrankongdiaofang”?womendezuxian,youzainaxieyixiangbudaodedifang,anfanglelingrentanweiguanzhidezhihui?

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zhongguodegujianzhu,wuyanshiyidatese。cengcengdiediedefeiyan,yingzaochuzhuangguandeqishi、feiyangdemeigan,meibushengshou。youqizaigongdianwudingzhuanjiaochu,sijiaoqiaoshen,rufengniaozhanchi,jiyongrongfuli,youqingyingpiaoyi,zaikongzhongshenzhanchunongyudegudianfengfan。

tiaoyan,bujinlingjianzhuzaoxingmeiguan,zaigongnengshangyezhaoguzhoudao:xiatian,tayouliyubimianyangguangzaizhengwuzhaorushinei;dongtian,zhengwuyangguangyouqianengzhaorujianzhudezuishenchu。

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zhongguodabufendiquweiyubeiwendai,sijiyangguangzhaoshejiaoduhuiyousuobianhua。yibeijingdiquweili,xiajidezhengwutaiyanggaoduyuewei76du,dongjiyuewei27du。

tongguobawuyanxiangwaitiaochuyidingchicun,keyidiaojieyangguangdezhaoshexiaoguo:xiatianzaoshangwendujiaodishi,yangguangkeyizhaojinjianzhuneibu;daolezhengwushifen,taiyangjihuweiyuzhengshangfang,jiuzhinengzhaoshedaoyanzhuwaice,reliangyebeigelizaijianzhuwaibu,shineibaochileliangshuang。

ruguoshizaidongtian,suizhetaiyangshengqi,jianzhuneibuzhujianjieshouguangzhao,daolezhengwushifen,yangguangzhenghaosherushineizuineiceqiangweizhi,shidewuneinuanyiyangyang。

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图片:李乾朗

zhongguogujianzhuyoudutedeliangjiajiegou。gaojijianzhuchangyongtailiangshi,tongguozailizhushangjialiang,cengcengshangtai,xingchengpowuding。duocengdemugoujian,biqixiandaijianzhudegangjinhunningtuqiangmian,gerexingnengyaohaodeduo。

powudingdexingshi,shidegujianzhudedingbuchuxianleyigejiakongceng,taiyangguangdereliang,bixujingyouliangcihuanchongyujiangwen:xiantongguowudingnibeicengjinruwudingnei,zaijingguotianhuabanzhishangjiakongcengdeguodu,cainengjixuwangxia,chuanxiangdimian。

zaidongtian,jiakongcengdecunzai,yeshideshiwaidehanlengbunengzhijiechuanrushinei,baozhenglegujianzhudedongnuanxialiang。

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ciwai,zaizijinchenggujianzhuwudingdemubanjicengshang,haihuifencengpumangezhongnibei,ruhubanhui、qinghui、madaonidengdeng。

nibeicaizhibenshenbuliyudaore,zaijiashanghoudukeda30limi,yourujigujianzhuchuanshanglehouhoudefanghufu,shiwaijiedewendubianhuahennanyingxiangdaojianzhuneibu。

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youxiudejianzhu,rutongyouxiuderen,shineiwaijianxiude。duijuzhuzhedetitie,jizaiyuyidaodaohualidefeiyan、yicengcengjingzhideliangjia,yezaiyuyiduduhoushierbuqiyandeqiang。

gujianzhudeqiangtitongchanghenhou。zijinchengtaihediandeqiangtihouda1.45mi,bujinkeyiwengumugoujian,yezengjialewaijiereliangchuandidaojianzhuneibudejuli,juyoubaowengeredexingneng。

gujiangongchenghuizaiqiangneicaiqu“tianxian”zuofa:qiangdeliangceweizhengzhuanqizhu,zhongjianyongsuizhuan、suishitianchong,bingliuyouyixiekongxi,bujinjieshenglecailiao,haiyouliyuzugewaibureliangchuandi。

jidihao,yougaoxiao;jilvsehuanbao,youjiangjiushiyong,zhongguodegujianzhu,chuchuzhangxianzhegongjiangjingyiqiujingdezhihui。

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zijincheng,shizhongguoxiancunzuidadegujianzhuqun。mingqinghuangdizaizheilizhizheng、shenghuo,gongjiangmenjiyaochengquanhuangjiaweiyandeyitai,youyaobaozhengzaixiarishufuqieyidinaliang,dajuguanhexiaoxinsi,queyibuke。

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huanggongdebujudaduoshizuobeichaonan。《yijing》shangshuo,“shengrennanmianertingtianxia,xiangmingerzhi”,yisishishengmingdexianwangzuobeichaonan,mianxiangguangmingdeyangguangerzhiliguojia。

zijinchengdegongdian,bingchengzhechuantongdechaoxiang,qiezainancedaliangkaishemenchuang。taihediannanlimianyou11gekaijian,meigekaijianjunsheyougeshanmenhuochuang。

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zheizhongzuofa,henfuhezhongguodediliheqihoutedian。xiaji,gaoqiyazhongxinweiyudongnantaipingyang,laizinanfangzhiyudejifeng,shidewendushangsheng、shuqibiren;daoledongtian,gaoqiyazhuandaoyazhoudaluxibei,youzhangdashuyuedepianbeihanfeng。

zaizheizhongdilitiaojianxia,gugongduijianzhudeshejizuiweishiyi:mianchaonance、kaishechuanghuyouliyuxiajitongfeng,beicefengbizeyouliyudongjiyuhan。

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chule“zuobeichaonan”,zijinchenghaiyouyigebujutedianshi“beishanmianshui”。shan,shizijinchengbeimiandejingshan;shui,shichengnandeneijinshuihe。

neijinshuiheqishishicongzijinchengxibeijiaojinrude,yanzhexicechengqiangneicexiangnanliudong,zaixiangdongguanchuanchengnandetaihemenguangchang,zuihoucongdongnanjiaoliuchu。neijinshuihebuchonglezijinchengneideshuiqi,zaixiatianyekeyidiaojiejubudexiaoqihou,youliyuchanshengbishudexiaoguo。

congqiliuzuzhijiaodulaikan,youyuzijinchengbeibuyoujingshanzhedang,yineryushanchuizhideqiliubuhuihenshunchang,eryushanpingxingdeqiliuzechangtongwubi。youyujianzhucemiandedangfengmianjijiaoxiao,suoyizhenggechengneiqiliuzuzhidoujiaoweishunchang,zaixiatianyefeichangliangshuang。

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minjiandejianzhu,xingshibuhuixiangzijinchengneimehongdakaojiu,danshitixianchudezhihuibingbuxunse,erqiegengjiaduoyang。zaibutongdedifang,renmenyindizhiyi,jiudiqucai,duifuyanredefangfayegeyoutese。

zaiyunnanbianjiang,gaowenduoyu,quannianpingjunqiwenzai18~22℃,pingjunshiduda83%。zaizheigemenredehuanjingli,fangreyugeshi,douxiandexiangdangzhongyao。

daizuzhuloucaiquleyixiliefuheshengtaiyuanzedecuoshi。zhulouyouzhuzidagaiercheng,waiqiangshiqingbodezhuban,liyutongfengheduiwaijiangwen;wudingcaiyongjiaohoudemaocao,gelitaiyangdeqiangfushe。zhuloudewudingfeichangda,zhanlezhenggejianzhude1/2,wuyanchutiaoshenyuan,youfeichanghaodezheyang、paishuixiaoguo。

zhuloudedicengshijiakongde,shinanfangchuantongjianzhuchangjiandefangchaocuoshi,keyibaozhengjuzhucengdeganzao。jiakonglouban,yekeyirangkongqiziyoutongguo,qidaosanrejiangwendezuoyong。

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南方是湿热,北方则是干热。

zaibeifangdehuangtugaoyuan,fenbuzheyaodongshiminju。huangtugaoyuanyoudianxingjifengxingqihou,jiangyulianghenshao,rizhaofeichangchongzu。yaodongjiushizaihuangtugaoyuanteyoudedimaotezhengheqihoutiaojianxiayunyuchulaide。

huangtu,shihuangtugaoyuandetianduhoudeziyuan。renmenyonghuangtuzhichengtupi,yonglaizhizuoqiangti,yaodongdetuizi、yaodinghebufenjiayongsheshi。zheiyihouzhong、fengbidejianzhuxingtai,jianjugerenenglihexurenengli,zaizhouyewenchadadehuangtugaoyuan,youshiyouqixiandemingxian。

yaodong,chenglehuangtugaoyuanshangrenmenshishidaidaianjuleyededifang,zhijinrengyoujiangjin4000wanrenjuzhuzaigezhongxingshideyaodongli。

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kanguochuantongjianzhuzhihou,womenhenrongyifaxianshenbianjianzhudewenti:

youde,shineiwufazirantongfeng,jianzhuxiangbeitaoshanglesuliaodai,wufaziyouhuxi,zhinengkaokongdiaoyizouduoyudereliang。

youde,yidamianjidebolimuqiangzuoweijianzhuwailimiancailiao,yangguangkeyibushouzhedangdizhishejinshinei,yidaozhongwu,wendubiaosheng。

youdebiyoushi。womenzaichengshilizhuiqiugengdadeshiyongmianji、genghaodecaiguangxiaoguo,yijigengkuxuandewaiguan,youyoudaliangdezhilengshebeikeyixuanze,sihuchuantongjianzhuzaigerefangmianqudedejingyan,jiuchenglekeyoukewudedongxi。

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xiangbiyudancenghuodicengjiegoudegujianzhu,xiandaijianzhuyouyurongjilvjiaogao、jianzhucenggaoshouxiandengyinsu,zirantongfengdezuoyongyidinghuishoudaoyingxiang。

neime,duiyuxiandaijianzhueryan,chuantongjianzhudejingyanrengranshiyongma?

renxuyaohuxi,jianzhuyeshi。shixia,lvseshengtai、ditanjienengdelinianyufabeirenmenzhongshi,gujianzhuzhongneixiehelide、juyoushengminglidedongxi,sihurengkeyiweiwomentigongyixielinggandeyuanquan。

yixiexinjianzhukaishizhuzhongxuanqugaojishugerecailiao,zaiduitaiyangnengliyong、tongfengxitong、baowenfangshidengfangmian,yezuolehenduochangshi。weilaideshengtaijianzhu,huoxukeyibuyongnuanqihekongdiao,yenengtigongshushidexiandaihuashenghuohuanjing。

ren,shishengtaideyibufen。chuantongdefangwu,shirenmenduobifengchuirishaidedifang,shielieqihoude“shuaijianqi”;erjindejianzhu,zhongxinkaishikaolvqihou,quefanguolaichengweileyizhongbujiuheguanhuai。dangrenleidebenlingyuelaiyueda,quebudebuhuiguiyixiebenzhendedongxi。huoxu,zheicaishigengzhidewomenshensidewenti。


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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