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教科书又要被改写:鸟类有嗅觉
发布时间:2021-07-16     作者:辛雨   来源:中国科学报   分享到:

  dayue200nianqian,meiguozhumingniaoleixuejiajohn james audubonjinxingleyixiangshiyan,tajiangyijufulandezhushitizangzaiguanmucongxia,yicilaiceshishifoujiezhuxiujuejinxingbulie。jieguo,zheixieniaoermenquanranhushilezheijuzhushiti,qizhongyizhifanerchongdaolefujinyikuaijihumeiyourenheqiweidetianchonglupipangbian。

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  “neishi,shengwujiaokeshuyijingmingquedibiaoming,niaoleijihumeiyouxiujue,xuduorenshenzhixianzairengranzheimerenwei。”mixiegenzhoulidaxuehuaxueshengtaixuejiadanielle whittakershuo。

  2008nian,deguofenzishengtaixuejiasilke steigertuanduifenxile7gemuzhongde9geniaoleiwuzhongdejiyinzu,faxianlexuduoxiujueshoutijiyin。xiujueshoutishiyileikeyiyuqiweifenzijiehedeteshudanbaizhi,tamenfuzexiangdanao“huibao”qiweixiangguandexinhao。

  zaizheixiangyanjiudejichushang,meiguodongkaluolainadaxuejinhuashengwuxuejiachristopher balakrishnanheyanjiushengrobert driver yanjiuleyixiexianyoudezuijianiaoleijiyinzu,bingzaimouxiewuzhongzhongfaxianlegengduodexiujuejiyin。tamenduifengniao、ermiao、ji、banxiongcaoqueheredaishuiguoshixingzhuruniaodejiyinzujinxinglefenxi,faxianlexuduoxindexiujueshouti。

  zaizheixiejieguozhong,ermiaodejiyinzuyouqilingwhittakergandaojingyahexingfen。ermiaoshiyizhongfeichanggulaodeniaolei,congniaoleipuxitushanglaishuo,taweiyujiejindibudeweizhi。zheiyijieguocongmouzhongchengdushanganshi,suoyouniaoleidezuxiankenengyeyouyitaofeichangduoyangdexiujueshoutijiyin,yexuxiujuecongyikaishijiuduiniaoleizhiguanzhongyao。

  balakrishnanhedrivertongguobijiaofaxian,niaoleiteyoudeyizuduoyangdeshoutiyijingfenlieweibutongniaoleipuxiteyoudeduozhongleixing。zheishuoming,zheixiejiyinsuizheniaoleiwuzhongdeduoyanghuaerxunsujinhua,ziranxuanzekenengmolianlezheixiejiyinlaizhixingguanjianderenwu。

  dierxiangyanjiudeqiyuangengweiqimiao,tazuichudelingganlaiziyiweideguoxiaoxueshengdetiwen。zaideguoyisuoxuexiaodetuozhanxiangmuzhong,yiweixiaoxueshengwenkexuejia,dangdideouzhoubaiguanshiruhezhaodaoneixieganggangbeigeguodecaodide,zaineixiedifang,kunchongheniechidongwudengliewuzuirongyibaolu,shibaocanyidundehaodifang。

  weilezhaodaodaan,wikelskijiashifeijizaichunxiayangguangmingmeiderizilipanxuanguanchale70zhiguan。tamenzhuyidao,jishiguanmeiyoukanjianrenmengecao,yemeitingdaogecaodeshengyin,tamenyenengzhaodaoweiyushangfengchubeigeguodecaodi,jiuhaoxiangshibeigecaodeqiweisuoxiyin。

  weilezhengshizheiyicaixiang,wikelski tuanduijianggecaosanfachudeqiwei,yejiushisanzhonghuifaxinghuaxuewuzhidehunhewupensadaolemeiyoubeigeguodecaodishang,jieguoguanqun“fengyongerzhi”。

  “zheifeichangqingchudibiaoming,zheixieniaojihuwanquanyikaoxiujuelaizuochumishijueding。”whittakershuo。

  suoyouzheixiejieguodoubiaoming,niaoleidexiujuebuyinggaibeihushi。gengduoyanjiuhaifaxian,niaoleinenggouganzhizhiwusanfachudehuifaxinghuaxuewuzhidexinhao,shenzhikenengzaiyilaiqiweijinxingjiaoliu。zheixiexiansuodeshiyongkenengpubiancunzaiyuniaoleizhong,zhishihaimeiyoudedaozugoudeyanjiu。

  driverbuchongshuo,zheixieyanjiuyekenengzhixiangyizhongxindeziranhaichongkongzhixingshi:keyiyonghuaxuewuzhilaichulishouweixiedezhiwu,xiyinniaoleilaitunshiruqindekunchong。

  xiangguanlunwenxinxi:http://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icab150

  http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92073-7


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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