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“马背院士”吴天一:把根扎在青藏高原
发布时间:2021-07-14     作者:央秀达珍、卢东方   来源:新华网   分享到:

 

  

zheishi“qiyixunzhang”huodezhewutianyi(6yue29rishe)。xinhuashejizhe xiehuanchi she

  shijiewujishang,yiwei80duosuigaolingdelaorendailingyixuetuandui,changnianbashezaililantian、baiyunzuijindetianlu。50duonianlai,tatuidongwoguogaoyuanyixuecongwudaoyou、youruobianqiang,zaimanzhangjianxindefendoulicheng,jianxingzhegongchandangyuandechuxinheshiming。tademingzi,shenshenluozaiqingzanggaoyuangezuqunzhongxinzhong。

  tashizhongguogongchengyuanyuanshiwutianyi,gaoyuanyixueshiyedekaituozhe、diyangshenglixueyugaoyuanyixuezhuanjia。jinnian6yue29ri,tazhanshangrenmindahuitangjinsedatinglingjiangtai,daishangledaibiaodangneizuigaorongyude“qiyixunzhang”。

  gaoyuandeshouwangzhe

zheishiwutianyixiaoxiang(6yue28rishe)。xinhuashejizhe lihe she

  【yigeyuanwang】

  20shiji30niandai,wutianyichushengzaixinjiangyiliyigetajikezuzhishifenzijiating。ta9suisuifumuqunanjingdushu。1950nian10yue,zhongguorenminzhiyuanjunkuaguoyalvjiang,kangmeiyuanchaozhanzhengzhengshidaxiang。zainanjing,wutianyishunlitongguozhengbingtijian,chengweiyimingzhongguorenminjiefangjunzhanshi。

  “biekanwogezixiao,dantizhihao。wodangshizhiyouyigeyuanwang,canjunbaoguo。”wutianyishuo。youyuwenhuagongdilianghao,yiruwutabianbeifenpeizhizhongguoyikedaxuepeiyang。6niandelilunpeixunjieshuhou,kangmeiyuanchaoyijingqiandingtingzhanxieyi。“dandangshibuduihaimeichehui,wojiuqianglieyaoqiuquqianxian。”

  1957nian,wutianyiyufurenyiqi,huanshangzhiyuanjundefuzhuang,laidaoweiyupingrangdezhongguorenminzhiyuanjundi512yiyuan。zaineili,yinweifangzhiyiqingdeli,tahuodediyigesandenggong。

  1958niansuibuduihuichedaoqinghaihou,weixiangyingdangshi“dalianbing”haozhao,wutianyibeifenpeizhimouqibinglian。“woyaodangyimingputongbing。”wutianyishuo,zaiqibingliantahuodele“wuhaozhanshi”rongyu,weitazhihouchangnianzaigaoyuan“qimawenzhen”daxialejichu。

  【yigejueding】

  20shiji50niandaimo,dapiqingnianhuaizhemengxiang,laidaoqinghaijianshegaoyuan。yixiangbudaodeshi,xuduochudaoqinghaideneidijianshezhehenkuaichuxianlebutongchengdudegaoyuanfanying,xinhuang、xiongmen、toutongyulie……youyuquefagaoyuanbingjibenzhishi,henduogaoyuanbingbeidangzuoputongfeiyan、feichongxuezhengzhiliao,xuduojianshezhexiangjibingdaoshenzhixianchuleshengming。

  wutianyishuo,dangshigaoyuanbingzaiwoguoyixueyanjiulingyushangshukongbai,guoneiduitarenshibuqing,guojigaoyuanyixuelingyuzhiyouwaiguorenshuohua。“woyaogongkegaoyuanbing”,zheiyijuedingrangtajiexialaiyibeizizhizuoleyijianshi——gaoyuanyixueyanjiu。

  “qingzanggaoyuanqueyang、diyadeeliehuanjing,zuailerenmenkaifagaoyuandebufa,yeweixiezhezheilijuminheguanbingdejiankangheanquan,bixuzhaochugaoyuanbingdezhibingyuanyinbingbuduanyanjiuxiaqu。”wutianyikaishiyongsuoxuedeyixuezhishibaozhanggaoyuanrenmindeshengminghejiankang。

  “mabeishangdehaomanba”

6yue17ri,wutianyizaiqinghaixiningdebangongshinei。xinhuashejizhe zhanghongxiang she

  【yigebiaozhun】

  1978nian,wutianyiyutongshigongtongchuangjianlequanguodiyijiagaoyuanyixueyanjiusuo。weijinkuaiquanmianzhangwogezhongjimanxinggaoyuanbing,1979nianzhi1992nian,wutianyizhuchilelishi10yunian、fugai10wanrendegaoyuanbingdadiaocha。“meidaoyigedifang,wodouwennalihaibazuigao?”wutianyishuo,gaoyuanyixueyanjiubixuyaoqugao、pian、yuandedifang,buluoxiayihuyiren,cainengzhunquezhangwojibingfenbuhehuanbingyinsu。

  “daomuquxiaxiang,zhangfangyizhi,yiqiyijia,fadongjiyixiang,muminmenyiweishidianyingfangyingduilaile。”wutianyikefutoutong、xiongmen、shimian、fuxieheoutudenggaoyuanfanying,qizhema,ganzhetuomanyiqidemaoniu,shenrumuqudezhangpengzuogaoyuanbingpucha。elechidianmumindeqingkezanbahuozidaideganliang,wanshangtongmuminyiqishuizailingxiasanshiduosheshidudezhangpengli,shenyedianzhesuyoudengzhenglishujuziliao……

  weiyanjiuqingzanggaoyuanzangzurenqun“gaoyuandiyangshiyingshenglitezheng”zheiyizhugongketi,jingtonghanyu、tajikeyu、yingyu、eyudewutianyi,youxuehuilezangyu。jishiniandekeyangongzuo,tazoubianleqingzanggaoyuandabufengaohaibadiqu,zhenzhiguoshuwanmingmuminqunzhong,zhengliledaliangdelinchuangziliao,zangzumuminqinqiedichengtawei“mabeishangdehaomanba(yisheng)”。

  wutianyiduifashengzaiqingzanggaoyuandegexingji、manxinggaoyuanbing,congliuxingbingxue、binglishenglixuehelinchuangyixuefangmianzuolexitongyanjiu。tatichumanxinggaoshanbinglianghuazhenduanbiaozhun,beiguojigaoshanyixuexiehuizuoweiguojibiaozhunbingmingmingwei“qinghaibiaozhun”,yu2005nianzaiguojishangtongyiyingyong,weigaoyuanbingdefangzhizuochuletuchugongxian。

  【yitiaotielu】

  gaohanqueyangduitielujianshezhedeshentijiankangshiyigeyanjunkaoyan,zheishijianshegaoyuantieludeyidashijiexingnanti,yeduigaoyuanyixuetichulexintiaozhan。

  qingzangtielujianshe5nianzhong,zuoweiyuantiedaobugaoyuanyixuezhuanjiazuzuzhang,wutianyidaitouzhidingchuyixilielaodongbaohuhegaoyuanbingfangzhicuoshi,jianlilequanmiankexuedeweishengbaozhangcuoshihejijiufangan,jianggaoyuanbingdeziwopanduanfangfaxierukepushouce,songdaomeigezhulugongrenshouzhong。

  “qingzangtieluyanxian80%dedifanghaibadouzai4500miyishang。zaizheilixijinlaideyangqizhiyouhaipingmiandiquxiyangliangdeyiban。”wutianyishuo。

  taqinzidailingkeyanyiliaoduishangshanzhidaogongzuo,yanjiukaifayizangyaoweizhudehongjingtiandengzhishiyingji,tichu“sangaosandi”jijiucuoshi,shijixinggaoyuanbingfabinglvyouqingzanggonglujianshechuqide9.8%jiangzhi1%yixia。

  wutianyideyanjiubudanbaozhangleqingzangtieludeshunlijianshe,erqiechuangzaole14wanlaodongdajunzaihaiba4000miyishangdiqugongzuo4nian、wuyiliyinjixinggaoyuanbingsiwangdeshijieyixueqiji。

  shengmingdebaohushen

6yue17ri,wutianyi(qian)zaiqinghaixiningdeshiyanshineihexueshengtaolun。xinhuashejizhe zhanghongxiang she

  【yichangdizhen】

  “wojishiyishengyoushidangyuan,haishizuidonggaoyuanbingderen,wobixuqu!”2010nian4yue14ri,qinghaishengyushuzangzuzizhizhoufasheng7.1jidizhen,nianyuguxidewutianyicheyeweimian,zhudongqingying,bugutongshihejiarendequanzulianyedailingyiliaoduibenfuzaiqu。

  daodazaiquhou,tariyefenzhanzaijiuzaiyixian。baitian,wangfanbenboyugedajiuyuandian,zhidaobingcanyugaoyuanfeishuizhongbingrendeqiangjiu;yejian,zhanzhuangeyiliaoduijiangjiegaoyuanbingfangzhijiuyuanzhishi,jinquanlizhengjiuqunzhongshengming、baozhangrenminjiankang。tahaifahuidongzangyudeyoushi,weishouzaiqunzhongjiangjiezhishi、shudaoxinli。

  “zheishishijiezuigaohaibadiqudedizhen,womenyaoyigongchandangrendejingshenzhanshenggaoyuandizhenzaihai。”wutianyishuo。zhenhou,tazhuchizhaokaileduogehuiyi,jinyibuzongjieyushudizhenjiuyuanjingyan,bingmianxiangguojishehuijieshaolezhongguoqiangjiujixinggaoyuanbingdechenggongjingyan。

  【yishengzhuiqiu】

  quanshen14chuguzhe,shuangyanbaineizhang,erduogumobeijichuan……wutianyishentibaoshoubingtongzhemo,dantarengshenshenmilianzhezheipiantudi,zhagengaoyuancongyi50duonian,momoshouhuzheqingzanggaoyuandewanqianshengming。

  wutianyizaixiaxiangtuzhongcengjingliguoduocichehuo。zuiyanzhongdeyicitaduochuleiguguzhe、bingufensuixingguzhe、jingfeiguguzhe。zhijin,tatuibuhaiyouyigenshijilimizhangdegangban。

  gaoyuanzhangqideziwaixianfusherangwutianyideshuangyanhuanshangyanzhongdebaineizhang。shuhou,tameiyouxiuxipianke,lijitourudaoshiyanzhong。zuoyangongzuo,youyanjiudaizheyanzhaoxiuxi;leile,zaibayanzhaohuandaozuoyanshang……

  zaijinxinggaodiyashiyanyangcangmonishiyanzhong,wutianyizhudongchengdandiyicishiyandefengxian,haobuyouyudijinrulecangti。youyuquefajingyan,cangneiqiyaxunsuxiajiang,tadegumobeijichuan,tingliyanzhongshousun,dantamoqinglecangtiyunzhuandeanquanxishu。

  wutianyizaiweishengjiankanglingyufenzhanyibeizi,huodewushurongyu。“qingzanggaoyuanshiwokexueyanjiudegen,shiwoshengmingdegen,gaoyuanyixueyanjiushiwoyishengdezhuiqiu。‘qiyixunzhang’shidangneizuigaorongyu,shirongyuyeshikaoyan。weilaiwoyaodaihaotuanduipeiyanghaojiebanren,weibaozhanggaoyuanrenminheguanbingdejiankangzuochugengdagongxian。”tashuo。

6yue17ri,wutianyi(youer)zaiqinghaixiningdeshiyanshineizhidaoxuesheng。xinhuashejizhe zhanghongxiang she


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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