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发展新型潜射导弹将面临哪些难点?
发布时间:2021-07-13     作者:   来源:科普中国   分享到:

       chaoxianyizhibeirenweishichujidaodanzhizaoguojia,danshiqianshedandaodaodan,youqishiqigutiranliaoqianshedaodandechuxian,erqieyizaidiedaifazhan,queshirangwaijiedaweizhenjing。yinweiyanzhiqianshedaodan,bingburongyi。

11.jpg

▲ 从朝鲜阅兵展示潜射导弹的可以看出,弹体表面有类似玻璃钢纤维固化的痕迹,这使其不但结构重量减轻,而且结构更坚固,但加工工艺要求更高。

  congdaodanfazhanlishishangkan,tongchangdoushixianyoulushedandaodaodan,zaiyouqianshedaodan。xiangyinduzheiyangdeguojia,shushinianqianjiuzhiliyuqianshedaodanfazhan,danzhijinhaiwufayanzhichuxiangyangdeqianshedaodan。muqianzhangwoqianshedaodanyanzhijishudeguojia,tongchangrenweizhiyoumeieyingfazhongzheiwudaheguojia。

  shejiyufazhannanduda,zhuyaoshiyinweitashejidaodanheqiantingliangdajishulingyu,yanzhihezhizaolianluzhang,guanjianbujiangongyinandugao。qijishuzhangaizhuyaojizhongzaiyixiajigefangmian。

  yishidaodanxiaoxinghua。

  qiantingneikongjianyouxian,tebieshichuizhifangxiang。qianshedandaodaodanyibanbuhuicaiyongyutingtifangxiangpingxingdebushufangan,yinweizheihuirangqiantingdejiegoushejigengjiafuza,daodanfasheshihaibixuzhunquewanchengqishuguocheng,zhengtikekaoxingjiangdi。yincicongyikaishi,qianshedandaodaodanjiushichuizhibushuzaiqiantingshang。

  shijieshangzuizaodezhuanyongdandaodaodanqianting——sulian“gaoerfu”ji(629xing,gji)changguidonglidandaodaodanqianting,peibeideshiyuss-n-5daodan,fashetongdezhangduchaoguoleqiantingnaiyatingtizhijing,yushitajiangfashetongdabufenchazainaiyatingtili,chaoguodebufenjiuyongzhihuitaiweiqiaobaofuqilai。zheishigaixingqiantingdezhihuitaiweiqiaowaixingxiandeshifenpangda。

  zuihaoshirangdaodanzhangduxiaoyuqiantingzhijing。danruguoqiantingzhijingguoda,bujinhuizengjiaqiantingzhizaonandu,haihuizengjiashuizhonghangxingzuli。yincicongshangtingbushulaishuo,qianshedandaodaodanshiyueduanyuehao。ruguodaodanxiaoxinghuawufajiejue,jiangshiqiantingshejishifenbeidong。

  eluosicaiyongluji“baiyang”mdaodanjishufazhande“bulawa”daodan,waixingyezuolejiaodagaibian:danzhangsuoduanle9.5mi,chaoguo40%;zhijingzengjia0.14mi,yue7%;fashezhongliangjianshao10.2dun,chaoguo20%。

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▲ 西方推测的朝鲜“新浦”级潜艇改装后可能的导弹配置方式

  congmuqiantouludechaoxianzaijiandandaodaodanqiantingdeshejikan,qifashetongyeshiliyonglezhihuitaideyibufen,caijiejueleqiantingnaiyatingtizhijingbuzudewenti。buguocongxifangzhenchadaodexinpuzaochuanchangweixingyingxiangkan,xinxingdedaodanqiantingcaiyonglegengdadezhijingsheji,yinggaibufenjiejuezheiyiwenti。

  ershidaodanfashejishu。

  qianshedaodanfasheyibanfenweiganfasheheshifashe,danzhuyaoshiganfashe。shifashe,shizaidaodanfasheqianxiangfashetongneizhushui,zaizhijiedaodandianhuofashe。sulianzaoqidess-n-5daodanjiushicaiyongzheizhongfashefangshi。yeyourencaice,yinduganggangshiyanwanbidek-15yecaiyongzheizhongfangshi。zheizhongfangshiduifashexitong、tingtideshaoshijiaoxiao,dananquanxingcha,zhushuizhunbeishijianzhang,erqiezhushuishihuichanshengjiaodazaosheng,pohuaishuixiayinbixing。yincimuqianshifasheyijingbijiaoshaojian。

  womenpingchangsuoshuodedanshefashefangshi,yibandoushuyuganfashe。danzheixuyaozengjiaranqifashengqihelengqueqidengfuzhubujian,erqiedansheyaoxuanzebudang,yerongyizaochengdanlibuzu,huodaodandanweishaoshi。erqielengfashefangshixuyaozaidanshangzengjiaweibubaohuzhao,chuguanhouhaiyaokaolvbaohuzhaofenli,zengdalefashefuzachengdu。

  chaoxianzuizaofangzhidesulianss-n-6qianshedaodan,caiyongleshifashe,danqizuizhongzhishifazhanchengweilushede“huoxing”10daodan,suihoutamenyanzhide“beijixing”xilieqianshedaodan,caiyonglegengweixianjindeganshifashe,bingzuizhongyanbianchenglegonglujidonglengfashede“beijixing”2daodan。suiranzheihenkenengjiezhuleqiansulianguojiadejishuliliang,danchaoxiankeyanrenyuandecongmingcaizhiyeburongfouding。

  ershidantijiagusheji。

  dandaodaodanlengfashefangshiyaoqiudaodanchutongsudugao,daodanzaitongneiyaochengshouhendadeguozaihechongjili。daodanyihengaodesuduzaishuizhongyunxingshi,haijiangchengshouhendadeshuijiezhichongji。womenwangyongchizhongtiaoshui,keyimingxianganjuedaoshuiduiwomenshentidechongji,erdaodancongfashetongrushuidesuduyaobizheigaodeduo。daodanzaishuizhonggaosuyundongshi,biaomianjishijichengshoudebujinshishuishenjingyali,haiyoudaodangaosuchutongshiduishuijiezhidechongjidongyali,henkenengzaochengdantibianxing、polie、xielou。yincidaodandantixuyaoewaijiaqiang。

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▲ 西方推测的朝鲜“北极星”3导弹结构图,潜射导弹对弹体结构要求更紧密坚固

  sishizhidaojishu。

  lushangdandaodaodanfasheyibanxuyaojinxingdadiceliang,quedingfashediandexiangxizuobiaoheshexiang,yichushihuaguanxingtuoluozujian,bingshedingdajicanshu。zaishuixiapiaofudeqiantingshang,jiugengnanbaozhengjingquedule,yincibixuwanshanshuixiafasheguandaoduizhunjishu。

  ciwai,weilejiejueqianshedaodandezhidaojingduwenti,daodanfashechushuihouxuyaojinxingxindezhidaoganyu,yixiuzhengguanxingzhidaoxitong。zuizaocaiyongtianwenguanxingzhidaoxitongdeshisuliandess-n-8daodan,gaifanganyebeidaduoshusulianheeluosiqianshedaodansuocaiyong。gaixitongbaokuoguanxingpingtai、danzaijisuanji、tianwenxiuzhengxitonghetuoluomiaozhunyibiao,peizhizaidaodanzuiqianduandeyiqicangnei,gongzuoshiyouxingtigenzongyiduitiantijinxinggenzong,bingyudanzaixingtujinxingbijiao。danyouyuxingtuheleijiwucha,zheizhongfanganrengyulusheguanxingzhidaoyoujiaodachaju,zheishizaochengqianshedaodandajiwuchamingxiandiyulushedaodandeyuanyin。liru,sulian1983nianfuyidegutiranliaoqianshedaodanss-n-20,dajijingduweiyuangailvwucha(cep)=500-600mi;muqianrengzaishiyongde1986nianfuyideyetiranliaodaodan“qingzhou”ss-n-23,dajijingduweicep=500-900mi;er1975nianfuyideyetiranliaojingshedaodanss-19,cep=380-550mi,1987nianfuyidelushangjidongdaodanss-24,cepdadaole200mi。kejiantongshidaijishudeqianshedaodan,dajijingdumingxiandiyulushedaodan。yincilengzhanshiqi,meisuqianshedaodandezhuyaomubiaoshifanghunenglijiaochadechengshihedimianjidongmubiao。caiyonglushe“baiyang”mleisijishudeqianshe“bulawa”daodan,muqianshiyandechudecepwei350mi,yu“baiyang”m(cepwei90mi)xiangbiyecunzaijiaodachaju。

  wushishuizhongdandaosheji。

  fashedandaodaodanshi,qiantingyibanyiyidingdesuduzaishuixiahangxing,yincihaiyaokaolvqiantingxiangduishuijiezhideyundongheduichutonghougaosuyundongdaodandechongji。cishiruguohaimianyouqianshuiliuhelangyong,jiangshidaodanshuizhongdandaogengjiafuza。yinci,qianshedaodanfasheyeyaofuheyidingdehaikuangtiaojian,yibanshihailangxiaoyu5ji、tingsuxiaoyu4jie、tingxiaqianshendu40~50mi。zhisuoyixuanzezheiyishuishen,shizonghekaolvleqiantinganquanxinghefashepingwenxingdengduozhongyinsu。buhuifashengshuimianpengzhuang,bubeifanqianfeijibaizhouyongmuliguancedaodexiaqianshendu(yuhaishuitoumingduyouguan),yibanzai30mizuoyou,zheibeichengweianquanshendu。zaikaolvdaohaimianqianshuicengshoudaofenglangdezuoyong,liuxiang、liusudengshuiqingbijiaofuza,huiduidaodandeshuizhongdandaochanshengjiaodayingxiang,zuizhong40~50mizheiyishenduxiangduijiaohao。

14.jpg

▲ 朝鲜潜射导弹与世界大多数潜射导弹一样,略显短粗,头部结构紧凑

15.jpg

▲ 从苏联SS-N-6潜射导弹技术发展而来的“火星”10公路机动发射导弹,由于不再受到潜艇空间的限制,对结构要求大为降低,因此其长径比大幅增加,但仍比世界同类陆射导弹要短。

16.jpg

▲ 与同为阅兵展示的“北极星”潜射导弹相比,射程相近的公路机动“火星”10导弹明显外形尺寸要大

  yinggaishuo,chaoxianyizaishiyanbingzhanshibuduandiedaifazhande“beijixing”xilieqianshedandaodaodan,biaomingqidaodanshejiyuzhizaoqueshiqudelebuxiaodechengjiu。danshiyeyinggaikandao,qiqianshedaodandeshiyandaduodoushizaijinhai,shenzhizaigangkouneidefudongshiqianshuipingtaishangjinxing,zhenzhengyiyidedandaodaodanqiantingshangzaichuanwuzhong。jishixinxingqiantingfuyi,youyuquefahaikongzhiyuanhekekaodetongxinzhihuishouduan,nanyimaoranjinrudayangxunyi,yinciyejiuzhinengzuoweigangneifashetaishiyong,nanyizhenzhengxingchengzhanlveweishenengli。


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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