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试射潜射导弹 弹体出水后为什么总是斜的?
发布时间:2021-07-13     作者:   来源:科普中国   分享到:

       youwangyoutichukanlehenduoqianshedaodanfashezhaopian,chushuihoudaodandoushiqingxiede。xiangzhidaozheiyangshizuoshiguyidema?kanchaoxianyijingshisheqianshedaodanhenduocile,zheizhongshisheshibushixiangmuhenduo?

  qishi,zheiyangshiweiletigaoanquanxingkaolv。qianshedaodanfashehuanjingelie、guochengfuza,kekaoxingxiangduidi,yincibixuyaokaolvdanshehuofasheshibaihoudaodanzhuiluodeanquanwenti。zheiduiyulushedaodanxiangduijiandan,erqianshedaodandezhuiluojiukeneng“zating”,duiqiantingzishendailaianquanyinhuan。yinciqiantingbudanyaozaiyidingdexiaqianshendufashe,daodanhaiyaoyouyidingdeqingjiao,zheijiushiwomenkandaodeqianshedaodanfasheshiyanzhaopianzhongdaodanyibandoushiqingxiechushuideyuanyin,zheidangranyehuishidansheguochengbiandefuza。

4.jpg

▲ 从这个角度可以看到朝鲜“北极星”导弹出水几乎采用了60°角

5.jpg

▲ 从这个角度可以看到朝鲜“北极星”导弹出水则近似75°角

  weilejiejuezheiyiwenti,shijiegefazhanqianshenenglideguojiadouanpailefuzadeshiyanneirong。

  meiguoshizaimeiyouqianlikexundeqingkuangxiakaishiyanzhi“beijixing”a1qianshedaodande。zaiduigaixinghaojinxingshouciqiantingshuixiafasheshiyanyiqian,meiguohaijunchongfenyanzhengleshuixiafashefangandekexingxing,shouxianzuosuobimoxingshuixiadansheshiyanyuquanchicunmoxingshuixiadansheshiyan,bingzairengongshuichizhongjinxingleduocidansheshiyan。

  meiguodiyidaiqianshemoxingdaodanzaidanshechushuishi,duocifashengguzhang,daozhidaodanzhuiluo,baxiangzhengqiantingdepingtaiyizaizabian。yincimeiguo“beijixing”daodandansheshiyanshi,xianzailudideshuichizhongzuoshuichidanshexiliushiyan,jiushiyongtashiqizhongjijiangshiyandanxizhu,congshuixiadanshechushuihou,gangsishengbadaodandiaoqilai。dierbujinxinghaishangwangtuoshiyan,yongyizhangwangbazhongda16dunjianluodeshiyandantuozhu,huishouhouzaishi。zaizuohaidigudingheyidingfashetaishiyan,bingzailushanghejianshangyongfasheguandanshemoxingdan,suihoushiliyong“huashengdun”haoqiantingcongshuixiadanshemoxingdan。ranhou,yongzhuangyouzhenshidiyijifadongjidemoxingdancongshuixiajinxingfasheguandansheshiyan。

  yucitongshi,anlianggeshiyanjieduanduidaodanzuolejishicilushangfasheyujianshangfashedefeixingshiyan。diyijieduanfasheleshiduomeishiyandan,ranhougaijindaodansheji,kuodashiyanxiangmu,jinrudierjieduan:conglushanghejianshangfashejishimeiyanzhidan。

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▲ 这是“北极星”1导弹夜间发射瞬间图,仍采用了大角度倾斜出水方式

  zheiyang,1960nian7yuedeshouciqiantingshuixiafashedaodanshiyanyijuchenggong;3xiaoshihou,dierfayechenggong。zaicijichushang,meiguoqianshedaodandeshiyanjingyancairiyifengfu,shejijishuyeriquchengshu。suiranshiyanbuzhouyousuojianhua,shiyancishuzhujianjianshao,danbingweijiangdizhuanruqiantingshuixiafasheshiyandetiaojian。

  woguoweilejieyuezijinheshijian,zaishanggeshijichukaichuangxingdiliyongnanjingzhangjiangdaqiaozaizhangjiangzhongchenggongjinxinglemoxingdandedanshejianluoshiyan。zhengshiwoguokeyanrenyuandecongmingcaizhi,shiwoguozaimeiyouwaijiejishuzhichideqingkuangxia,yizuixiaodejingjichengbenhejishufengxianchenggongwanchenglediyidaiqianshedaodandefazhan。

7.jpg

▲ 朝鲜“北极星”潜射导弹发射出水瞬间,其背景山峦说明其应该在近海或港内发射,而右图中导弹尾部的灰色烟雾在空中扩散,说明其是在弹射出水后点火

  congxifangduichaoxianxinpuzaochuanchangheshiyanjidideweixingzhenchayingxiangkan,chaoxianqianshedaodanshiyanzuichuyeshizaizaochuanchangfujindelushangshiyanchangjinxingde。zaineilijianyouzhuanmendefashetai,wanchengchubudedengbimoxingdansheshiyanhou,zaizhuanyidaozaochuanchangpangdeshiyangangchineidexiaqianshipingtaishangjinxingshuixiadansheshiyan。suiranshizaixiangduidiliandexiaqianshifudongpingtaishangjinxingfashe,danshiqirengrancunzai“zating”defengxian。zaikaolvdaogenghaodimoniqiantingdanshefashe,yincizheixieshiyandoucaiyongleqingxiefashefangshi,yijianshao“dantingjuhui”defengxian。


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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