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由于这个原因,金星上不可能存在生命?
发布时间:2021-07-09     作者:   来源:环球科学   分享到:

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  xinyanjiufaxian,jinxingdaqizhongdeshuihanliangfeichangdi,jishishidiqiushangzuinaihandeweishengwuyewufazaineilishengcun。qunian,renmenzaizheikejiaotubandexingxingdedaqicengzhongzhaodaolekenengyoushengmingtichuangzaodefenzi,zheicengbeishiweishengmingdecunzaijixiang。zheiyixinfaxiansihumoshalerenmenduijinxingshangcunzaishengmingdexiwang。 

  zheixiangxinyanjiufenxiletanceqifeilvejinxingdaqicengsuodedaodeceliangjieguo,huoqulebaoguozhejinxingdenongliusuanyunzhongdewendu、shiduheyalishuju。genjuzheixieshuju,kexuejiamennenggoujisuanchusuoweide“shuihuodu”,jiyunzhongdangefenzishuipingshangdeshuiqiya,zheishidiqiushengmingshengcundexianzhiyinsuzhiyi。     

  “tongguoguanchazheixieyunzhongshuifenzideyouxiaonongdu,womenfaxianjishishiduiyuzuijianrendediqiushengwu,neilishuifenzidenongduyezhiyoutamenshengcunsuoxudeshuinongdudebaifenzhiyi。” gailunwendediyizuozhe、yingguobeierfasitenvwangdaxuedeweishengwuxuejiayuehan·huoersiwosi( john hallsworth )zaixinwenfabuhuishangbiaoshi,“zheishiyigewufakuayuedejuli。” 

  zheixiefaxiankenenghuilingjinxingyanjiuzhemengandaoshiwang。qunian9yue,tamenzaijinxingdaqizhongfaxianlelinhuaqing。zheishiyizhongyoulinheqingyuanzizuchengdehuahewu,zaidiqiushangkeyiyushengmingtilianxizaiyiqi。zheiyifaxianrangtamenshoudaoleguwu。dangshi,yanjiurenyuanrenweizheixielinhuaqingkenengshiyouyunzhongdeweishengwuchanshengde。 

  huoersiwosishuo,zaidiqiushang,heshidewenduxiaweishengwukeyizaidaqizhongdeshuidizhongshengcunhefanzhi。raner,jiyuduogejinxingtanceqideshuju,zheixiangxinyanjiufaxianjinxingyuncengzhongcunzaishengwudekenengxingweiling。 

  “baokuoweishengwuzaineideshengmingxitongzhuyaoyoushuizucheng。ruguomeiyoushuihe,tamenjiuwufajubeihuoxing,yewufafanzhi,”huoersiwosishuo。 duidiqiushangshengcunyujiduantiaojianxiadeweishengwudeyanjiufaxian,shengmingkeyizailingxia40huashidu(jilingxia40sheshidu)dediwenxiashengcun。duiyushuihuodu(fanweizai0dao1zhijian),zuidikeshengcunyuzhiwei0.585。erjinxingyunzhongdefenzishuihuodujinwei0.004。    

  gailunwendehezhuzhezhiyi、meiguoyuhangju(nasa)aimusiyanjiuzhongxindetiantishengwuxuejiakelisi·maikai(chris mckay)zaifabuhuishangbiaoshi,zheixiangfaxianshijuedingxingde,muqianzaichoubeizhongdejinxingtancerenwujianglaiyebuhuijirenmendailaixiwang、rangrenmenjuedezheigelidiqiuzuijindelinjushangyoushengmingcunzai。 

  “womendejielunzhijiejiyutancejieguo,”maikaizaifabuhuidejianbaozhongshuo,“zheibushimoxing,yebushijiashe。nasajijiangzhixingdejinxingtancerenwujiangzaicijinxingxiangtongdeceliang,biruceliangwenduheyali,bingqiehuidechufeichangxiangsidejielun,yinweijinxingzaizheiyangdeshijianchidushangbuhuifashengbianhua。”  

  buguo,yanjiurenyuanyefenxileqitaxingxingdeshuju,faxianmuxingdeyunzhongdeshuihuodulilunshangzuyizhichishengmingcunzai。jialilvetanceqizaijulizheikeqitaijuxingxingbiaomian26zhi42yingli(ji42zhi68qianmi)degaodushoujideshujubiaoming,zheiyiquyudeshuihuoduwei0.585,lvegaoyukeshengcunyuzhi。zheiyiquyudewenduyeganghaozaikeshengcunfanweinei,yueweilingxia40sheshidu。 

  “muxingshangkenengcunzaishengmingdeqingkuangkanqilaiyaoleguandeduo,”maikaishuo。“muxingyuncengzhongzhishaoyouyicengkeyimanzushengmingduishuidexuqiu。danzheibingbuyiweizheneiliyoushengming,zhishiyiweizhetazaishuihuodushangshishiheshengmingcunhuode。” 

  raner,yanjiurenyuanbiaoshi,gaoqiangdudeziwaifushehuoyingyangquefakenenghuizuzhiqianzaideshengmingpengbofazhan。womenxuyaoquanxindeceliangfangfalaiquedingshengmingshifouzhendekenengcunzai。 huoersiwosibuchongdao,yongyujisuanshuihuodudejishuyeyouzhuyupanduanxiwaixingxingdeyijuxing。 

  “zuirangwoxingfendeshi,womenduizheixieyaoyuanxingxingdeyanjiukeyishenrudaoshuifenzichidu,bingjuciquedingtamendeqianzaiyijuxing,”huoersiwosishuo。 gaiyanjiujieguoyu6yue28rifabiaozai《zirantianwenxue》zazhishang。 

  yuanwenlianjie: 

  scientificamerican.com/article/life-on-venus-is-impossible-because-of-lack-of-water-study-suggests/ 


  zhuanwen | tereza pultarova 

  fanyi | zhaobingying 

  shenxiao | lishiyuan 

【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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