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吴文俊:“人民科学家”的数学境界
发布时间:2021-07-08     作者:李文林 魏蕾   来源:中国科学报   分享到:

  

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  wuwenjunzaijisuanjishangbianchengceshiqijiqizhengmingfangfa。 tupianlaiyuan:zhongkeyuanshuxueyuandanganshi 


  yingguoshuxuejiahadaizai《yigeshuxuejiadebianbai》zhongshuo:“shuxueshinianqingrendeyouxi……wobuzhidaoshifouyouzheiyangdelizi,jiyigechaoguo50suiderenyoukaichuangleyixiangzhuyaodeshuxuelilun。”

  raner,zaidangdaizhongguojiuyouzheiyangyiweishuxuejia。tayizijidekexueshengyajuchulehadairenweibukenengdelizi。

  tanianshaoyituopuxueyanjiuchengminghaiwai,38suidangxuanzhongkeyuanxuebuweiyuan(yuanshi),nianjinhuajiayouyinkaipileyigezhanxindelingyu——shuxuejixiehuaerzhenjingxuejie,liangciwendingguojiazuigaokejijiangli……

  tadezheixiejiluzaidangjinzhongguoshuxuejiezhijinwurendapo。ta,jiushibeiyuwei“renminkexuejia”dewuwenjun。

  zaixuduorenxinmuzhong,wuwenjunjiushizheiyangyiweibuduanchuangxin、dejiangwushudeshuxueyingxiong,danshiwuwenjunzijiquerushishuo:“pingjiayigeguojiadekexuefazhan,quntidegaoducaishizhenzhengdejinbu!”takewang“yigemeiyouyingxiongdeshuxuejingjie”!

  1977nian,58suidewuwenjunyishizhongguokexueyuanxuebuweiyuan、guojiazirankexuejiangyidengjianghuodezhe,yongyoujiaorendetouxianheyibanrennanyiqijiderongyu,keyishuoyigongchengmingjiu,wanquankeyiyiyangtiannianle。raner,tayizhandoudezitaizaikexuepandenglushangzaichufa,kaishileyigeyutaguoqucongshideyanjiuwanquanbutongdexinlingyu──jihedinglijiqizhengmingfangmiandeyanjiu。bingzaisuihoudeshushinianjian,kaichuangleyigejiyounongyuzhongguoteseyouyouqianglieshidaiqixideshuxuelingyu──shuxuejixiehua。

  1978nian,wuwenjunzhengshifabiaoletayaboappjihedinglijiqizhengmingdediyipianlunwen,tichulejihedinglijiqizhengmingdexinfangfa。gaifangfashijiangyaozhengmingdejihewentidaishuhua,bingyouyitaogaodujixiehuade、nenggouzhijiezaijisuanjishangyouxiaoyunxingdedaishuguanxizhenglichengxu。zheiyifangfashidikaerfangandejicheng,zuoweizheiyifangfadeguanjiansuanfa——duoyuanfeixianxingdaishufangchengzudexiaoyuanchengxu,xianzaiguojishangjiuchengwei“wufangfa”,liyongzheiyifangfabujinkeyiyouxiaodizhengmingchudengjihededabufendingli,erqiekeyizidongfaxianxindedingli,weifenjihezhongzhuyaodinglidezhengmingyekeyitongguozheiyifangfashixianjixiehua。

  dangshidianzijisuanjizaiguoneiyuanweipuji,tazuichuchangshibinghuochenggongdejitiaodinglidoushiyikaoshousuan,tayoumodichengzijideshouhebiwei“wushijisuanji”。zhengmingguochengshejideduoxiangshiwangwangdoushishubaixiang,renheyibuchucuodouhuidaozhiyihoudejisuanshibai。suanleduoshaojibuqingle,guangfeizhijiuyidadui。houlaisuoliyoulejisuanji,danbianxiechengxuhaidezijilai。

  bianchengyibandoushinianqingrenzuo,weilequebaoyanjiuguochengzhunquewuwu,haojiniandeshijianli,wuwenjunyizhijianchizijibiancheng,taconglingkaishixuexibianxiejisuanjichengxu,zijishangji。shangshiji70niandaimoqishangjibianchengxudeshihou,tiaojianfeichangjianlou,cunchumeijieshichuankongzhidai、dadongdekapian。zheiyangdekapian,zaiwuwenjundebangongshiliduileyimadai。

  wuwenjunshijifanglinianlingzuidade“chengxuyuan”,zaixiangdangyiduanshijianliyeshizhongkeyuanshuxuesuoshangjishijianzuizhangderen。jingchangshizaochen8dianqian,nijiuhuikandaotayizaijifangwaidengzhekaimen。zaijifanglitahuilianxugongzuojin10gexiaoshi,bangwanhuijiachifan,haiyaozhenglijisuanjieguo。kelianggexiaoshiyihouniyouhuizaijifanglikandaota,youshishenzhiyaogongzuodaoshenyehuocirilingchen。diertianqingchen,tayouchuxianzaijifangshangjile。24xiaoshilianzhouzhuandeqingkuangyeshiyoufasheng。

  dangshibeijingzhongguancundaochuxiulu,washengoumaiguandao,yiguohuajiazhiniandewuwenjunjingchangzaishenyeduziyirenbuxinghuijia,gougoukankan,gaoyijiaodiyijiao,youshixiayu,jiuyaotangzhemeijiaohuaideyushuimosuoqianxing。

  wuwenjunduiyuyongxinxingdegongjulaizhulishuxueyanjiu,youzhefeichangqianzhandeyanguang。1977nian,tajiutichu:duiyushuxuedefazhan,duiyushuxueweilaifazhan,juyoujuedingxingyingxiangdeyigebukeguliangdefangmianshijisuanjiduishuxuedailaidechongji,zaibujiudejianglai,dianzijisuanjizhiyushuxuejiajiangyuxianweijingzhiyushengwuxuejia、wangyuanjingzhiyutianwenxuejianeiyangbukehuoque,xianzaidejisuanjitongguoxiaoxinghuaerchengweimeigeshuxuejiadenangzhongzhiwu,zheiyishexiangjiangchengweixianshi,shuxuejiamenduizheixieqianjingbixuyouzhezugoudesixiangzhunbei。

  zhengshizheixiefenxihepanduan,rangtazaiyongjisuanjizhengmingdinglideguochengzhongqudeletupo,congerkaichuangleshuxuejixiehuayanjiudeyigexindeyanjiulingyu。

  shangshiji80niandai,wuwenjunjiangjihedinglijiqizhengmingdefangfakuozhandaolegengyibandefangchengjiqiqiujie,xingchengleyigexitongdelingyu——shuxuejixiehua,binghuodelejiguangfandeyingyong。shuxuejixiehuadefangfazhengzaishentoudaolixue、tianwenxue、wulixue、huaxue、jisuanjikexuedenglingyu,tongshibeiyingyongyujiqiren、liangansheji、kongzhijishu、jisuanjifuzhushejidenggaojishulingyu。

  shuxuejixiehualilundechuangli,wanquanshizhongguorenzijikaituodexindeshuxuedaolu,zhenggeguochengtixianlewuwenjunqiangliedezizhuchuangxinjingshen。wuwenjunjingchangqiangdiao,“yaoyouzijidedongxi,bunenggenzhebierenpao”,“zouzijidelu”xinnianfeichangjianjue。“waiguorenyoudaoliwodangranhuigen,wobushibuxuewaiguo,waiguodedongxiwodoukanle,bingbushibukan,woxishouwojuedezhengquedebufen,bunengshuowaiguorenzenmegaowojiudezenmegao。”

  congjihedinglijiqizhengmingdaoshuxuejixiehualilun,wuwenjundeyanjiuchanshenglejudadeguojiyingxiang。1997nianwuwenjunhuodeguojizidongtuilizuigaojiang“herbrandzidongtuilijiechuchengjiujiang”;2000nian,wuwenjunyinqiduituopuxuedejibengongxianhekaichuangleshuxuejixiehuayanjiulingyuchengweileguojiazuigaokexuejishujiangsheliyilaideshouweihuojiangren;2006nian,wuwenjunhuodeleyou“dongfangnuobeierjiang”zhichengdeshaoyifujiang。shaoyifujiangpingjiangweiyuanhuizaipinglunzhongxiedao:“wudefangfashigailingyufashengleyicichedidegemingxingbianhua,bingdaozhilegailingyuyanjiufangfadebiange。tongguoyinrushensuideshuxuexiangfa,wukaipileyizhongquanxindefangfa,gaifangfabeizhengmingzaijiejueyidaleiwentishangdoushijiweiyouxiaode,erbujinjinshijuxianzaichudengjihelingyu。”qigongzuo“jieshileshuxuedeguangdu。weiweilaideshuxuejiamenshulilexindebangyang”。

  mianduizheixieguanghuan,wuwenjunquecongweiyousihaodejiaoao,tashuo:“wobuxiangdangshehuihuodongjia,woshishuxuejia、kexuejia,wozuizhongyaodegongzuoshikeyan。woqiande‘zhai’,shikexueshangde‘zhai’,yeshiduidangheguojiadezhai。”

  dangherenminbuhuiwangjiweiguojiazuochuguozhuoyuegongxiandeyingxiong。2019nian,zaizhonghuarenmingongheguochengli70zhounianderizi,wuwenjunbeishouyule“renminkexuejia”deguojiarongyuchenghao。

  (zuozhedanwei:zhongguokexueyuanshuxueyuxitongkexueyanjiuyuan) 

  《zhongguokexuebao》 (2021-06-24 di5ban wenhuazhoukan)

【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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