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天链系列中继卫星是干啥用的?一文了解
发布时间:2021-07-08     作者:范晨 陈小群 付毅飞   来源:科技日报   分享到:

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  2021nian7yue6ri23shi53fen,youzhongguohangtiankejijituanwuyuantongxindaohangbuzhuazongyanzhidetianlianyihao05xingzaixichangweixingfashezhongxinchenggongfashe。zhici,woguodiyidaizhongjiweixing5xinglianjie。

  huoxuyourenyaowen:tianlianxiliezhongjiweixingshiganshade?yaohuidazheigewenti,zanmenxianlaihuiguzhenfenrenxindeyimu。

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  2003nian,hangtianyingxiongyangliweidachengshenzhouwuhaozairenfeichuanshengkong,qijiancengshucijinxingtianditonghua,danmeicidouyouyangedeshijianchuangkouxianzhi。dangshitianditonghuadaikuanyehendi,yangliweizhinengtingdaodimiandeshengyin,kanbudaohuamian;dimianrenyuankandaoyangliweidehuazhiyebushihenqingxi,erqieshichang“kaqiao”。

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  2008nian4yue25ri,tianlianyihao 01xingzaixichangweixingfashezhongxinchenggongfashe,yiweizhewoguozhongdiguihangtianqikaishiyongyoutianshangdeshuju“zhongzhuanzhan”。tianlianyihao01xingfashehou,shenzhouqihaofeichuandecekongfugailvcong18%tigaodaole50%。

  2011nianhe2012nian,suizhetianlianyihao02xing、03xingxianhouchenggongfashe,shixiansanxingzaiguizuwanggongzuo,woguochengweijimeiguozhihoudiergeyongyouquanqiufugainenglizhongjiweixingxitongdeguojia。2016nian12yue,woguofashetianlianyihao04xingjietilechaoqifuyide01xing。

  tianlianerhaofuwunenglidafutisheng

  suizhewoguokongjianjichujianshekuaisufazhan,geleikongjianhuodongpinfankaizhan,duiyuzhongjiweixingxitongfuwudexuqiuyurijuzeng。weici,2010nianwoguoqidongledierdaishujuzhongjiweixingxitongdeyanzhi,yu2019nian3yuechenggongfashetianlianerhao01xing。

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  xiangbitianlianyihao,tianlianerhaoweixingdeshejishoumingyou7niantishengzhi12nian;caiyonglegengjiaxianjindeyouxiaozaihejishu,peizhiyouduofuxinxingtianxian,chuanshusulvzengjialeyibei。

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  ciwai,tianlianerhao01xingdezizhugongzuonengligengqiang,zengjialeduomubiaorenwudiaodugongneng,keyizidongjieshouduomubiaorenwu,bingzizhupaixuwancheng。

  weilai,woguojiangxiangjifashetianlianerhao02xing、03xingdeng。dierdaizhongjiweixingyudiyidaixianghupeihe,jianggenghaodifahuishujuzhongzhuanzhanzuoyong。

  “tianlu”fanmangquebuhuiyongdu

  muqian,“zhongjiweixingtiantuan”yiweigeleiyaoganweixingtigongguotianjixinxichuanshuyucekongfuwu,weizhangzhengxilieyunzaihuojiantigongfashecekongfuwu。woguoshenzhouqihaodaoshenzhoushierhaozairenfeichuan、tianzhouxiliehuoyunfeichuan,junxiangshoudaotianlianzhongjiweixingxitongtigongderenwuzhichi。

  2013nian,diyidaitianlianweixingwanchengsanxingzuwanghou,shoucibaozhangxijinpingzongshujiyushenzhoushihaohangtianyuanjinxingtianditonghua,yeshihangtianyuanwangyapingdeshoucitaikongshoukechenggongshixian。

  er2021nian6yue23ri,xijinpingzongshujiyushenzhoushierhaohangtianyuanzhijiankaizhandeliuchang、qingxi、gaozhiliangdetianditonghua,shidui“zhongjiweixingtiantuan”lianshoubaozhangnenglideyouyiciwanmeijianyue。

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  danzheibushiwenti。tianlianzhongjiweixingxitongyitiaolianludexiaxingsulvbiankedadao1.2g,taikongshujucongbeidimianzhanjieshou、chuanjibeijingfeikongzhongxin,daogenjubutongbiaoshizidongfenfa,shiyanjinweimiaoji。keyishuo,“tianlu”suiranfanmang,danbuhuiyongdu,gengbuhuizhongduan。

【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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