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张小红:丈量大地,做“北斗”的王牌“地勤”
发布时间:2021-07-06     作者:刘志伟 吴纯新 吴江龙   来源:科技日报   分享到:

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张小红在进行实验 受访者供图


  jiyuanqiaohe,woliuxiaorenjiaohou,youzuoqiledadiceliangyanjiu。yiqiandeyanjiujichuhaizai,daoshiyejiyulewoyidingzhidao,danwozongxiangzuodianbuyiyangde,buxiang“kenlaobener”。

  ——wuhandaxuecehuixueyuanjiaoshou、daohanggongchengxizhuren zhangxiaohong

  “2020nian,beidouxitongchanyelianguoneichanzhiyichao4000yiyuan,haiwaiyingyongjiasuluodi,yizaiquanqiu120duogeguojiahediqudedaoyingyong……”zaijinrijubandedishierjiezhongguoweixingdaohangnianhuishang,zhongguoweixingdaohangweiyuanhuizhuxiheyubingongbulebeidouweixingdaohangxitongzuixinde“chengjidan”。

  zheifenliangyande“chengjidan”beihou,shiwushukeyanrenyuandexinqinfuchu,wuhandaxuecehuixueyuanjiaoshou、daohanggongchengxizhurenzhangxiaohongjiushiqizhongyiyuan。

  zaibushaomeitidebaodaozhong,zhangxiaohongbeichengwei“dadiceliangshi”。

  deque,guoqu20yunian,tabajuedaduoshudejingli,douyongzaiceliangjiaoxiadetudishang。

  “wodegongzuo,jiushiliyongxianjindecehuijishu,liqiuqudezuijingzhundedimianxinxi,zaijiangqizhunquewuwudi‘gaozhi’beidouweixingdaohangxitong。”zhangxiaohongshuo,zuoweiyimingdangyuannengcanyuzheiyizhongdaguojiakejixiangmutashenganrongxing,yebeiganzerenzhongda。

  yunyongsuoxuefuwujiubakanghong

  “woxihuanfaxianhejiejuewenti,zheirangwoyouyizhongshishizaizaidechengjiugan。”zhangxiaohongshuo,tashangxueshibijiaoxihuanwuli、shuxuedengkemu。

  “jidadizuoceliang,keyiquanguodaochupao!”gaokaotianbaozhiyuanshi,zhangxiaohongxuanzelewuhancehuikejidaxue(houbingruwuhandaxue)dadiceliangzhuanye,yinweitajuede“xuanzheigezhuanye,jiunengduochuquzouzou、kankan”。

  jinrudaxuehou,zhangxiaohongdechangsuoyuan,waichudejihuiqueshihenduo,congkaishi“quanguodaochupao”daohoulaibianchengle“quanqiudaochupao”。

  kaishizhuanyexuexihou,zhangxiaohongjianjianmingbailedadiceliangdaodishishenme。

  “zheigezhuanyehenshenqi,erqiexiangguanjishukeyifuwuhenduogongcheng。”zhangxiaohongshuo,dasishangshijiankeshi,tajiyizuodabazuo“tijian”,celiangbatishifoucunzaibianxing。ruoliyongchuantongceliangshouduan,bujinfeishifeili,erqiezuobudaochixujiance;eryunyongxindeceliangjishu,zekejingzhunceliangchubatikenengcunzaideweixiaobianxing。

  1997nian,benkebiyehou,zhangxiaohongshicongwuhandaxuecehuixueyuanjiaoshoulizhenghanghewoguozhumingceliangxuejia、zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshiliujingnan,wanchengshuo、boshijieduandexueye。

  1998nian6yuezhi9yue,woguonanfangtebieshizhangjiangliuyujibeifangdenenjiang、songhuajiangliuyuchuxianlishishanghanjiandetedahongzai。bishi,zhangxiaohongzhengzaiduyan,qidaoshideyanjiuxiangmushejizhangjiangzhiliuqingjiangshangdeyizuodaba。

  yushi,zaidaoshidezhidaoxia,taliyongsuoxuedezhuanyeceliangzhishi,weikanghongyixiantigongzhunquedebatijianceshuju。

  “dangshi,kandaobaixingshouzai,woxinlishifennanshou。”zhangxiaohongshuo,“zijidegongzuonengweizhengtifanghongkexuejuecetigongyiju,rangwodiyiciqieshiganshoudaodadiceliangdezhongyaoxing。”

  1998niandi,zhangxiaohongyixueshengshenfenshoucidaonanjizhangchengzhancanjiazhongguodishiwucinanjikexuekaocha,chengweidangshikekaoduizhongnianlingzuixiaodeduiyuan。

  “neicikekaoshijianduan,yaowanchengderenwuduo,kekaoduichengyuanbujinyaozhixingguojidaxinghezuokeyanxiangmu——gpsguojiliance,haiyaowanchengnanjiqiaozhiwangdaobankuaiyundongjiancewangdejianliheguancedengrenwu。ciwai,wohaidebushichongdanglinshifanyi,bangzhuwaiyubuhaodeduiyuanwanchenggongzuo。”zhangxiaohonghuiyidao,zuizhongtawanchenglegexiangkekaorenwu,haibeipingweizhongguonanjikexuekaochayouxiuduiyuan。

  houlaizaiduboqijian,zhangxiaohongdeyanjiufangxiangbianweijiguangleidayanjiu。“suiranconglingkaishiyouxienandu,danyechongmantiaozhanhelequ,zheizhengshiwogaokeyandedongli。”tashuo。

  “kuajie”zuoyanjiudezhangxiaohong,henkuaibianzaixinlingyuzuochulechengji。taboshiqijiandeyanjiuchengguojiejuelebeijidiquhangkongceliangdejishunanti,tayeyincishoudanmaiguojiakongjianyanjiuzhongxinyaoqingfugelinglandaokaizhanxiangguanshiyanyanjiugongzuo。

  lvduitisheng“beidou”dingweijingdu

  2000nianboshibiyehou,zhangxiaohongliuxiaorenjiao,yanjiufangxiang“zhonghuidadi”。

  “jiyuanqiaohe,woliuxiaorenjiaohou,youzuoqiledadiceliangyanjiu。yiqiandeyanjiujichuhaizai,daoshiyejiyulewoyidingzhidao,danwozongxiangzuodianbuyiyangde,buxiang‘kenlaobener’。”zhangxiaohongshizheimeshuode,yeshizheimezuode。

  henkuai,tajiangzijideyanjiufangxiangsuodingzaijingmidandiandingweijishushang,erzheixiangjishuhoulaibeichenggongdiyingyongzaibeidouweixingdaohangxitongshang。

  zhisuoyixuanzezheigefangxiang,zhangxiaohongkanzhongletadeqianli。“wodangshijuede,gaijishuyingyongchengbenbugao,erqieyoukenengshixianlimijideceliangjingdu,weilaiyidinghuiyoudayongchu。”tashuo。

  buguo,zhangqiyilai,jingmidandiandingweijishudoucunzaikekaoxingruo、shixiaoxingchadengwenti,guoneiwaikeyanrenyuanweijiejuezheixienantijiaojinnaozhi。

  cihoulishijin20nian,zhangxiaohongfazhanleyitao“dingdezhun”delilunyufangfa,jiangjingmidandiandingweijingducongfenmijitishengzhilimijishenzhikedahaomiji,youjianlileyitao“cedekuai”deguangyujingmidingweifangfa,xianzhutishenglejingmidandiandingweijishudeshixiaohekeyongxing。

  “weixingdaohangxitongdejingdu,zhijiejuedingleqikexuehegongchengyingyongjiazhi。erzaidangshi,yibandeweixingdaohangxitongnengdadaodedingweijingduzhiyou5dao10mi,manzubulegaojingduyonghudexuqiu。”zhangxiaohongshuo,jiyushangshuyiyoukejichengguo,tadailingtuanduicanyulebeidouweixingdaohangxitongzizhudingguijishudegongguangongzuo,heqitakeyantuanduiyidaotisheng“beidou”dedingweijingdu。

  rujin,beidousanhaoweixingdaohangxitongdegaojingdufuwu,yijingkejiangdingweijingdutishengzhishishilimiji,jingguohouqichulishenzhikeyidadaohaomiji。“nongyefangmian,shiyongbeidouweixingdaohangxitonglimijijingzhundingweifuwuhou,zhibaowurenjinenggoushixianzidonghuajingzhundaohangjifeixingkongzhi,kezhouyewanchengnongyaopensa,tigaogongzuoxiaolv,dafujiangdichengben。”zhangxiaohongshuo。

  ciwai,zhangxiaohongtuanduihaiyanfachuwoguoshougegongchenghuaquanqiuweixingdaohangxitongjingmidandiandingweishujuchuliruanjianxitong,tianbulewoguozaigailingyudekongbai。

  bangzhuxueshengkefukeyan“bolixin”

  muqian,jiyubeidouweixingdaohangxitongdegaojingdudingweijishu,zhangxiaohongzhengdailingtuanduichengyuanyanfaxingdironghezengqiangxitong,gaixitongkebeiyingyongyuzidongjiashi、yingjijiuzai、guotucehuidenglingyu。“zidongjiashi、wanwuhulianshidaijiuyaodaolai,weilaisheinengzaidingweilingyuqiangzhanxianji,sheijiunengyinlingjishuchaoliu。”tashuo。

  zhangxiaohongshuo,danjigaojingdushishidaohangdingweishiweixingdaohangfazhandebiranqushi。jingmidandiandingweijishumianlinlishijiyuhetiaozhan,zhiyoujinyibutigaoqikekaoxing、anquanxinghelianxuxing,cainengshiyingxindeyingyongxuqiu。

  rencaishichuangxindediyidongli。zuoweiboshishengdaoshi,zhangxiaohongyizhishifenzhongshirencaipeiyanggongzuo。

  yangeshihenduoxueshengduizhangxiaohongdeyinxiang。xueshengmenshuo,shangzhangxiaohonglaoshideke,yaodaqishierfenjingshen,bandianerdoumahubude,yinwei“zhanglaoshifeichangzhuzhongxijie,duikeyandemeigebuzhoudoudingdejin”。

  “duixuesheng,wobixuyangeyaoqiu。chazhihaoli,miuyiqianli,dadiceliangjiushiruci。”zhangxiaohonghuiyidao,zijigangshangdaxueshi,alaboshuzideshuxieshijibengong,laoshicengyaoqiufanfuchaoxie,weidejiushirihouzaiceliangtushangnengqingxibiaozhu。

  tashinulizhiwai,zhangxiaohonggengxiwangxueshengmennengyouyishuangfaxianwentideyanjing,nengshikeyongyouqiangliedeqiuzhiyu,youken“yinggutou”dejuexin。

  “youxiexuesheng,yipengdaokeyannantijiubikai,shenzhixiangfangqi。wozongshigentamenshuo,shanqiongshuijinzhishi,wangwangjiuyaoliuanhuamingle。zuokeyankeyiyouhaoqixin,danbunengyou‘bolixin’。”zhangxiaohongshuo。

【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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