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李依依:巾帼何曾让须眉
发布时间:2021-07-05     作者:   来源:科普中国-科普融合创作与传播   分享到:

  yizhiyilai,“nvhaizixuebuhaoligongke”deyanlunjiuguangweiliuchuan。raner,shishishang,fangyanshijie,ligongleixuekedekeyanqianxianconglaibuqueshaonvxingfenyonggongguandeshenying;woguogongyehuadezhengcheng,yelibukaiyidaidaijinguoyingxiongdebuxiepinboyufendou,liyiyiyuanshibianshiqizhongdeyouxiudaibiao。

  liyiyichushengyu1933nian10yuedebeijing,zujijiangsusuzhou,shizhumingdeyejinyujinshucailiaokexuejia,zhongguodiwenjihejiegoucailiaolingyudezhuyaoxueshudaitouren。xianhoubeipingweizhongguokexueyuanyuanshi、fazhanzhongguojiakexueyuanyuanshi。muqiandanrenzhongguokexueyuanjinshuyanjiusuoyanjiuyuan、boshishengdaoshi。

  

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  liyiyiyuanshi/tu weibo:zhongguokexueyuanjinshuyanjiusuo《jinshusuo“taliliang”shujinguozhanfanghua fendouxinshidai》

  绕指柔也能造出百炼钢

  1957nian,liyiyizibeijinggangtiegongyexueyuan(jijintiandebeijingkejidaxue)biye。fenpeigongzuoshi,tafangqileliujingjihui,laidaotiaojianjiankudebenxigangtiegongsidiyigangtiechang1haoqingniangaoluban。zaizheili,liyiyibupakubupalei,ganbianlezuizangzuileidehuo,tadenulidajiadoukanzaiyanli。yinianhou,liyiyichengweilezhongguogaolushishangdediyiweinvgongzhang。

  chengweigongzhangzhihou,liyiyijianshangdedanzigengzhongle。gaolugongzhangdegongzuojiankuerfansuo,bujinyaojiandugaolucongshangliaodaofangzhadequangongzuoliucheng,yeyaoduigaoluneizhuangkuangdebianhuazuochushishifanying,baozhengqipingwen、shunchang、junhengyunxing,haiyaoxiediaogongrenpaiban、huanbandeng。zheiqizhongshejidexuduoguanligongzuo,douxuyaojigaodenaixin、xixinhezerenxin。genghekuang,weiraogaolujinxingdegexianggongzuojuyouhengaodejishunanduheweixianxing,gaowen、baozha、kongzhongzhuiwudengweixianshishikekedouxuanzaicaozuorenyuanxintou,shaoyoubushenbiankenengwanjiebufu。tongshi,gaolugongzuorenyuanyinanxingweizhu,zuoweinvxingdeliyiyizaigengyidengshenghuoxijiewentishangyeduoyoububian。

  raner,zheiyiqiedouweinenghetuizheiweinianqingdebeijingguniang。liyiyimeiyousihaoxiedai,dailinggongrenxinqingongzuo,buduangailiangjishugongyi。gongfubufuyouxinren!1haogaolulianzhanlianjie,gaoluliantieliyongxishulianxubaochiquanguolingxiandiwei。

  

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  nianqingshideliyiyijiqizhangfukewei/tu 360doc.com/content/20/0510/10/11698101_911331182.shtml

  1959nian,quanguodiyijiequnyinghuizhaokai,huiyishang,benxigangtiegongsidiyigangtiechang1haoqingniangaoluchuangzaoquanguogaoluliyongxishuguanjun,beituanzhongyangmingmingwei“quanguoqingnianhongqilu”,liyiyizuoweigongzhangchuxilezheijiedahui。suihou,《renminribao》、《sulianfunvzazhi》、《benxiribao》dengmeitixiangjibaodaoletadeshiji。yishijian,liyiyidemingzichuanbiandajiangnanbei,yinqilewushurendeguanzhu,chengwei“jinguoburangxumei”dedianfan。

  始终冲在科研一线上的女战士

  1962nian,liyiyibeidiaowangzhongguokexueyuanjinshuyanjiusuo。likaileshuxidegaolugongzuo,liyiyizaixindegangweishangrengranbuxienulizhe。suiranwushiniandai,woguozaijingjishehuijianshefangmianqudelexianzhujinbu,danshi,zhengtieryan,woguogongyezaizhongduolingyurengranchuyuluohoudiwei,yinciduigongyerencaidexuqiudujigao。1965nian,liyiyijiaruzhongguogongchandang,bishidetazai《rudangzhiyuanshu》shangxiedao:“gerenliyiwutiaojianfucongdangdeliyi,weihudangdetuanjie,nulizuanyanyewu,zaizijidegangweigongzuoshangweishixiandangderenwuernulifendou”。

  duonianyilai,liyiyiyizhijianxingzhetadenuoyan,shizhongyiguojiadexuyaoweizijideyanjiufangxiang,weiwoguoyejin、cailiaohezhuangbeizhizaoyedekejijinbu,weiguofangheguominjingji——tebieshidongbeilaogongyejididezhenxingzuochuletuchugongxian。

  ruherangjinshucailiaokangqingcui,yizhishiwoguojinshugongyefazhanzhongdezhongyaokeyanmingti。jinshucailiaogoujianzaishiyongguochengzhong,youyucailiaoneibuzaiyelianjiagongshixishouleqing,zaiyingliyuqingdejiaohuzuoyongxia,huituranchanshengyizhongcuixingduanlie,beichengwei“qingcui”。qingcuijigongyeshengchanmaixialezhongdadeyinhuan。rangjinshucailiaokangqingcui,yiduchengweileguoneiwaijinshuxuejiaziziyiqiudemubiao。

  

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  qingcuixianxiang/tu baidubaike qingcuixianxiang

  zailiyiyidezuzhixia,woguokaizhanle“liuwu”“qiwu”“bawu”sancizhenduigangtiekangqingnenglideguojiazhongdianxiangmukeyanjizhonggongguanjiejue。dangshizhengchubashiniandai,keyantiaojianhaishifenjianku。youqishigaoyagaochundeqingqiyiranyibao,juyouhendadeweixianxing,yinciduishiyantiaojianyaoqiushifenkeke。weilenenggoujinzaoyanfachuguojiasuoxudejinshucailiao,liyiyibaitianmangyushiyanfanganlunzheng、diaoyan、luoshi,wanshangchayueguoneiwaidegeleiziliao,shenzhiyoushihouzaimenglixiangdedoushishiyan。weilemibujianloudeshiyantiaojian,tamailaiqingqiping,hedajiayiqimosuoshiyan,tichuquanxindejishuluxian,zixingyanzhishiyanjiqi。youci,yizhongguanjianshiyanshebeixuyaocongguowaijinkou,jihuihuafeiguojiajuewaihui,yunshudiaoshidengliuchengyouhuidanwudaliangdeshijian。weilejiejuezheiyiwenti,liyiyicongyipianyaboappcailiaoqingcuideyanjiuziliaozhongshoudaoqifa,jiehezijiduoniandeshijianjingyanhejinshusuodejishujilei,tichulegaoyagaochunchongqingzhuangzhidefangan,zaicizhishang,jinxingleshiyanshidexiujianhechongqingzhuangzhidesheji,jinyong8geyuejiuwanchengleshiyanshujuceliang,jiejuelekangqingcailiaoyanfashangderanmeizhiji。

  chuciyiwai,liyiyihaidailingtuanduiduimengaoshitigangdelixuehewulixingzhijinxinglequanmianyanjiu,manzulewoguohegongyeduiteshujinshucailiaodexuqiu;bingtupolezhongguozhuangbeizhizaoyezhongzhugangzhichenggun、daxingchuanyongquzhouquguai、dagangdingdengdaxingguanjianzhuduanjianshengchandepingjing,weisanxiashuilunjizhuanlunjicrh5dongchecrh3gaotiezhuanxiangjiaguochanhua、hedianyongdaxingrongqi、zhengfaqiyongjingmiguancaigaozhiliangshengchanzuochulezhongdagongxian。jiezhi2017nian,liyiyifabiaoxueshulunwen160yupian,huodeliangxiangguojiazhuanli。yuhezuozheweiguojiagongyanzhichenggong9gexingangzhong,huodeguojiahebuweikejichengguoyi、erdengjiangshiyuxiang。qianhouhuoping“liaoningshenglaodongmofan”、“guoneiyoutuchugongxiandezhongqingnianzhuanjia”、“zhongguokexueyuanshidanvjie”dengrongyuchenghao。

  congwoguogaolushishangdiyiweinvgaolugongzhang,daorujinwoguocailiaojiequzhikeshudecailiaoxuedajia,liyiyiyuanshiyong60yuzaikeyanyixiandeqinfengengyun,jianxingleduidang、duizuguo、duirenmindewuxianzhongchenghereai。

  春风化雨,桃李天下

  renheyimenxuekedoulibukaichuanchengerzi,liyiyiyongyisheng,weiwoguojinshucailiaolingyuxinyidairencaidepeiyangzuochulezhongdagongxian。

  1990nian,liyiyibeirenmingweizhongkeyuanjinshusuosuozhang。zairenqijian,liyiyizhilv、shishiqiushidezuofengdedaolesuoneigongzuorenyuandeyizhirenke。tayibianjiangqiuyaoyouyansurenzhendegongzuotaidu,yibianchangdaolaoyijiehe,1994nian,liyiyizaiyanjiusuolvxianshishilewutiangongzuozhi;1996nian,zaitadechangdaoxia,jinshusuoneikaisheleyijiakafeiwu,neishegezhongyundongqixie,rangkeyanrenyuanzaigongzuozhiyuyenengyouyigesongchishenjing、huxiangjiaoliudechangsuo。duiyuyoukunnandetongzhi,liyiyijijishiyiyuanshou。shiyanyuanzhaoxuejunzhijinjide,dangniantaganggangbaliangdifenjudeairenhehaizijiedaoshenbian,jiatingjingjishifenjinzhang,liyiyidezhilezheiyiqingkuang,bianjingchangweitamensongliangsongcai,jinzijidemianbozhili,bangtamenquanjiaduguonanguan。

  zailiyiyirenzhiqijian,jinshusuoshuoguoleilei。juwoguokejixinxisuoxinxifenxiyanjiuzhongxinniankejilunwentongjibaogao,1993nianmeiguo《istp》gongshoulujinshusuolunwen71pian,juguoneigekeyanyuansuozhiguan。jiezhi2017nian,liyiyizuoweiboshishengdaoshi,xianhoupeiyangshuoshi、boshiyanjiusheng80yuming,xingchenglegaoshuipingnenggongjianjiegouhelidexueshutidui。tafangshouqiyongqingnianren,beitatibadeqingniankeyanrenyuanzhong,bufahouqizuochuzhongdachengguodekeyanzhongjianrencai。fuhaiwaijiaoliushi,liyiyiyechangchangxishengzijibaoguidexiuxishijian,quliuxueshengsusheyuliuxueshengjiaoliutanxin,jiaoliusuoneiqingkuang。zaitadeganzhaoxia,yipipiliuxueshengxuechengzhihoufenfenxuanzeguiguo,weiguojiaxiyinlezhongyaodekeyanrencai。

  jinxienian,zaikeyangongzuoyiwai,liyiyiyejijicanjiajiechuxiaoyouluntandenggeleijiaoliuhuodong,weixinyidaidaxueshengzhidianmijin,yinlingtamenzoushangkeyandaolu。zailiyiyikanlai,daxueshengshouxianyaoshulizhengquederenshengguan,nulibazijiduanlianchengde、zhi、ti、meiquanmianfazhandegaosuzhirencai;qicitichuleliutiaodaxueshengyinggaipeiyangdejibensuzhi,fenbieshiwaiyushuiping、kejigongjiannengli、“sanyanjingshen”、xiezuonengli、chuangxinnengliyijituanduijingshen。qizhong,“sanyanjingshen”daibiaosantiaocongshikeyandejibenpinzhi:yanmidesikao、yansudetaiduheyangedeyaoqiu。

  tongshi,liyiyigewaiqiangdiaoduixueshengchuangxinnenglidepeiyang,tayizishendeshijijingliweiyituo,zhichudangxiawoguokeyanrenyuanzaichuangxinfangmiandebuzuhesiweiwuqu。tayuzhongxinzhangdigaojiexuesheng,“chuangxinnenglishikeyitongguoqinfenxuexipeiyangchulaide。rendezhilixiangchashiyouxiande,danqinfenshiwuxiande。kexuemianqianmeiyoupingtandadao,zhiyoukenpandengqiqushanludeqinfenren,cainengdadaokexuededingdian。renmeiyoukekujingshen、meiyouyili,jiumeiyouchuangxin,jiuhuiyishiwucheng”。

  

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  liyiyicanyubeikedaxiaoyouluntan/tu beijingkejidaxuexinwenwang《“jiechuxiaoyouluntan”zhi——zhongguokexueyuanyuanshiliyiyimuxiaoxing》

  “xiuyannvzifeiyingwu,yeyelongquanbishangming”,xinzhongguochengliyilai,yiliyiyiweidaibiaodewushunvxingdangyuanweiwoguodeshehuizhuyijiansheshiyezuochulezhongdagongxian。tamenbujujiannan,buweixianzu,jizuguozhisuoji,xuezuguozhisuoxu。zuguonalixuyaotamen,tamenjiuquwangnali。chongfenjianxingledangyuanquanxinquanyiweirenminfuwu、weishixiangongchanzhuyifendouzhongshendelixianghexinnian。zaijianshezuguo、fuwurenminfangmian,tamenzhenzhengdiquanshileshenmeshi“jinguohecengrangxumei”。


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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