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欧阳自远:这块来自月球的小石头,撞出了他的“月球梦”
发布时间:2021-07-05     作者:   来源:科普中国-科普融合创作与传播   分享到:

  2014nian11yue,guojixiaoxingxingmingmingweiyuanhuijiangyikeyouguojiatianwentaifaxian、binghuodeguojiyongjiubianhaodedi8919haoxiaoxingxingzhengshimingmingwei“ouyangziyuanxing”,yibiaozhangouyangziyuanduizhongguoyueqiutanceshiyesuozuochudejiechugongxian。

  ouyangziyuan,shiwoguozhumingtiantihuaxueyudiqiuhuaxuejia,zhongguoyueqiutancegongchengshouxikexuejia,zhongguokexueyuanyuanshi、disanshijiekexueyuanyuanshi,guojiyuhangkexueyuanyuanshi。talishi11nian,bazhongguorendehangtiantanyuemengxiangbianweixianshi。

  raner,quehenshaoyourenzhidao,zheiweifaqizhongguotanyuegongchengdekexuejia,queshicongwomenjiaoxiadedadishang,kaiqiletadekeyanshengya。

  到祖国最需要的地方去

  1935nian10yue9ri,ouyangziyuanchushengyujiangxijiandeyigeyiyaoshijia,zicidianpeiliuli。zaikangzhanhuodeshenglihou,caisuifumudingjuyongxinxian。

  shizhixinzhongguojianli,gexinggeyebaifeijuxing。suizhegongyehuamubiaodetichu,guojiaxuyaoyidapidizhigongzuozhequtansuowoguodixiadekuangchanziyuan。1952nian,ouyangziyuangaozhongbiye,taweibeilejiazhongxiwangtachengjiyixuezuye、jiangjiazuqiyefayangguangdadeyiyuan,yiranjuerandibaokaolebeijingdizhidaxue,lizhi“daoguojiazuixuyaodedifangqu”。  

image.png

  beijingdizhidaxueluqumingdanyuouyangziyuan(tuyuan:cctv10《renwu》)

  zaixueqijian,ouyangziyuanxianhouhuodelequanxiaoyouxiuxuesheng、beijingshisanhaoxuesheng、youxiubiyeshengdengrongyu,bingyu1956nian3yuejiaruzhongguogongchandang。suihou,ouyangziyuanshicongzhumingkuangchuangdiqiuhuaxuejiatuguangchi,jinruzhongguokexueyuandizhiyanjiusuogongduboshi。dushuqijian,tachangchangtianweiliangjiudaizheyihushui、lianggemantou,beizhedizhidaizi,xiadaokuangkengdaolijinjuliguanchakuangmaiyuyanceng。bingzaibiyehouliurenzhongkeyuanjixukeyangongzuo,chengweilewoguoxinshengdaidedaibiaoxingdizhixueyanjiuzhezhiyi。

  1964nian,ouyangziyuanshouguofangkeweizhituo,congdizhisuotiaoxuanle6geren,zucheng “219”yanjiuxiaozu,yikaizhanzhongguodixiaheshiyanchangdexuanqu、yuanzidanshibaoxuanzhi、yijihebaodaozhidedizhibianhuadengduoxiangzonghexingyanjiu。zaixuanzhixiangmukaizhanzhichu,ouyangziyuanjiyuwoguodedizhitucankaoyudapicideyewaishidikaocha,zuizhongxuanqunanshanzuoweidixiaheshiyanjidi。tongshi,tahaofeijinliangnianshijian,tupoguowaidekejifengsuo,tongguoyiciyouyicideshiyan,jiejuelehebaokenengchanshengdeshihuirongjiewenti,congerquebaowoguokaizhandeliangcidixiahebaozhashiyanjunwurenhehefeiliaodekuosanyuwuran。zhidaoxianzai,zheixiedifangrengranshifenanquan。  

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  xinzhongguodiyikeyuanzidanbaozha(tuyuan:zhongguojunwang)

  将地质研究做到天上去

  1976nian3yue8ri15shi,yikelaiziyuzhoudeyunshichongrudaqiceng,bingzaijilinshijiaoquxingchengleshijiehanjiandeyunshiyu。zhongkeyuanzuzhileyiouyangziyuanweishoudequanguoxinglianhekexuekaochazu,duijilinyunshijinxinglequanfangweideshenruyanjiu。  

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  jilinyunshiyuzhongzuidadeyihaoyunshi(tuyuan:yangguangwang)

  jingguozhangqidetansuo,ouyangziyuanshoucitichujilinyunshiduojieduanyuzhouxianbaolumoshiyujilinyunshixingchengyanhuamoshi。houlai,zheiyijingdianmoshiweigeguokexuejiaguangfanyinyong。suihou,ouyangziyuanjiangtadeyanjiufanweikuodazhigaokong、haidiyuyanshidicengzhongdediwaiwuzhi,bingjianglishizhongyuzhouwutizhuangjiyuqihouhuanjingdazaibianjishengwumiejueguochengxiangjiehe,tantaolequanqiugouzaoyanhuayukuangwuxingchengguochengdebianhua。zheiyixilieshejiyanshixue、kuangwuxue、huaxuezucheng、youjizhi、niandaixue、tongweisu、re、yuzhouxianfushe、tiantilixue、pengzhuangyanhuashidengfangmiandeduoyanghuayanjiu,zuizhongchuangzuochuzhongguotiantihuaxuelingyudekaishanzhizuo——《tiantihuaxue》。

  suihou,yikuailaiziyueqiudexiaoshitou,zhuangchuleouyangziyuande“yueqiumeng”。

  zaiaboluodengyuechenggonghou,1978nian,meiguoguojiaanquanshiwuguwenburejinsijizaifanghuashi,zengsongjizhongfangyifen1kezhongdeyueqiuyanshiyangpin。zuoweizhongguojinyoudeduitiantidizhiyousuolejiedeyanjiuzhe,ouyangziyuanhuodele0.5kedeyueyanyangpinlaizuoyanjiu。jingguosigeyuedequanmianjiepouyufenxi,taluxufabiaole14pianxueshulunwen。zheishiwoguoshouciduiyueqiudibiaodeyantuzhuangkuangjinxingshenrupouxi。

  zici,ouyangziyuankaishizaixinzhongyunniangdushuyuzhongguorende“yueqiumeng”。

  中国探月计划:从“是否必要”到“完全可能”

  cong1993nianqi,ouyangziyuanjiukaishijijihuyuzhongguozhengfuqidongtanyuegongchengxiangmu,yiqiwangnenggouzaiyueqiushangzhaodaobangzhurenleishehuichixufazhandeziyuan。raner,zheiyixiangmuquezaodaolexuduorendefandui:“zhongguoshifazhanzhongguojia,bujubeixiangyingdeyanjiuziyuan”、“meiguosulianyijingjinxinglejinbaiciyanjiu,(woguo)meiyoubiyaojinxingyanjiu”。

  jinguankunnanzhongzhong,ouyangziyuanrengranjianchiduidengyuexiangmudexinxin,bingtongguodaliangyanjiangyuzhuanxiekepushujidefangshi,laixianggongzhongkepuwoguodengyuexiangmudebiyaoxing。ciwai,ouyangziyuanhaiqicaolewoguodiyifentanyuejihuadefazhanzhanlveyuzhangqiguihua,congtaikongdizhiqingkuang、hangtianjishuxianzhuangdaojutidengyueliucheng,doujinxinglejiweixiangxideyanjiuyulunzheng。

  zaishushiniandechixunulizhihou,“863jihua”zhuanjiazurenweiouyangziyuandetanyuekeyanbaogao“shifenkexing”。2003niandi,zheifenlijingzhongzhongxiugaidetanyuejihuabaogaobeisongruzhongnanhai;2004nian1yue24ri,“changeyihao”tanyuejihuabeizhengshipizhun,ouyangziyuanchengweilezheixiangjihuadeshouxikexuejia,bingdanfuqizhidingzhongguoshouciyueqiutancekexuemubiaosheji,yijiguihuadier、sanqiyueqiutancedefanganyukexuemubiaodezhongren。  

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  changeyihaofashe(tuyuan:renminwangkejipindao)

  2007nian10yue24ri18shi05fen,“changeyihao”chenggongfasheshengkong。suizhe“changeerhao”、“sanhao”、“sihao”yiji“yutuhaoyueqiuche”dechenggongfasheyuyuebiaodenglu,woguowanchengleduiyueqiudibiaojiegougouzao、huaxuezucheng、keliyongziyuanfenbudengduoxiangdizhicanshudecaijiyufenxi。

  2020nian11yue24ri4shi30fen,“changewuhao”shunlishengkong,zaiyueqiuzhengmianyuxuanquzhelu,chenggongwanchengleduiyueqiudibiaoyantudecaijiyufengzhuang,bingyu12yue17rifanhuidiqiu。

  “changeyihao”dechenggongshengkongdao“changewuhao”deshunlicaiyang,dapolewoguotanyuegongcheng“shifoubiyao”dezhiyi,ouyangziyuanyuanshide“wanquankeneng”beitouchediquanshi。  

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  changewuhaodaihuideyueqiuturang (tuyuan:yangguangwang)

  小结

  congyanjiudixiakuangwudexingchengdaotansuoyuzhoudeaomi;congtichugouxiangzhuiganmeisudaowanchengdengyuemubiao;cong“tansuoshenshanbaozang”dedizhigongzuozhe,dao“yangwangxingkong”dezhongguotanyuegongchengshouxikexuejia,ouyangziyuanyuanshiyijingweiwoguodetanyueshiyeranshaolejin60nian。duonianlaideyixiankeyangongzuo,rangtajianzhenglezhongguocongbaifeijuxingdaozhongzhengshanhederanranshengqi,yejianzhenglezhongguominzutanyuegongchengconglingqibudaoshijiedingjiandefazhanshuiping。

  zaitayanzhong,zhongguodediwaitansuoshiyeli,“yueqiushiqidian,huoxingshizhongdian,xiaoxingxingshiliangdian,erxingjichuanyuecaishizhongjimubiao”。cong70niandaiqi,tajiuluxupeiyangleshuoshi、boshiheboshihou50ming。zheixierenjianglizhengshenmeshi“xinhuoxiangchuan”,tamenbidinggaojudaqi,chengweixinshidaizhongguoyanjiu、jiaoxueheshengchandeguganliliangyuxuekedaitouren。shishi,zhongguode“yixiaobu”jiangshengjichengweishijiede“yidabu”。

  人物百科

  ouyangziyuan(1935.10.9—),tiantihuaxueyudiqiuhuaxuejia,zhongguoyueqiutancegongchengshouxikexuejia,zhongguokexueyuanyuanshi、disanshijiekexueyuanyuanshi,guojiyuhangkexueyuanyuanshi,beijingshifandaxue-xianggangjinhuidaxuelianheguojixueyuanrongyuyuanshi,zhongguokexueyuandiqiuhuaxueyanjiusuoyanjiuyuan,guojiyuanshilianhetidiyizhuxi。

  ouyangziyuan1956nianbiyeyubeijingdizhixueyuan(xianzhongguodizhidaxue),1960nianzhongguokexueyuandizhiyanjiusuokuangchuangxueyanjiushengbiye,xianhourenzhongguokexueyuandiqiuhuaxueyanjiusuozhuliyanjiuyuan、fuyanjiuyuan、yanjiuyuan、fusuozhang,zhongguokexueyuanziyuanhuanjingkexuejujuzhang、guizhoushengrendachangweihuifuzhuren、dangzuchengyuan、guizhoushengkexuejishuxiehuizhuxidengzhi。

  ouyangziyuanzhangqicongshidiqiuhuaxue、tiantihuaxue、bijiaoxingxingxue、diwaiwutizhuangjidiqiuyoufashengtaihuanjingzaibianyushengwumiejuedengyanjiu,qixueshuchengguohuodequanguokexuedahuijiang、guojiayuzhongguokexueyuanzirankexuesandengyuyidengjiang、zhongguokexueyuanzirankexueyidengjiangdeng。


  出品:科普中国

  zhizuo:zhiyaokepu

  jianzhi:zhongguokexueyuanjisuanjiwangluoxinxizhongxin

【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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