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这云我看不懂,但我大受震撼,仿佛被......
发布时间:2021-06-30     作者:地理君   来源:中国国家地理   分享到:

kandaoshenmeyangdeyun,chumenyinggaidaisan?

“xiangyun”zhenshicunzaima?

dizhenyunkaopuma?


yangguangmingmeideshengxiayizhi

quanguoduodidouchuxianleguiliduozideyuncai

benwenjiangyouzhunibianshihelijieyundezhonglei

congerzairichangshenghuozhonghuodegengduolequ

zaichuxing、sheyingshiyuliaotianqibianhua

zaipengyoumianqianxianbai

yijicongkexuedejiaoduxinshangyunzhimei

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今天北京的朝霞   摄影/赵安东


yunshixuanfuyudaqizhong

youweixiaoshuidihuobingjingzuchengdekejianjuhewu

1802nian

ouzhoushengxingbowuxuedeshidai

yingguoyeyuqixiangaihaozheluke·huohuade

canzhaoshengwufenleifa

chuanglileyundefenleixitong

jiuxiangyishuyouyishulilunyiyang

yundeshangxikaishiyoulelixingzhicheng

微信图片_20210630165934.gif

tongchangeryan

womenanzhaozhongweidudiquyundijulidimiandegaodu

jiangyunfenwei3dayunzu:

diyun、zhongyun、gaoyun

qizhongyoukeyifenchu10dayunshu

zheixieyunshuzaigenjujutitezheng

xifenweiduogeyunzhong

微信图片_20210630170006.jpg

图自《中国国家地理》2012年09月


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zhiyundigaodudiyu2500mi

suanzuodiyunzu

duoyouweixiaoshuidizucheng

duoshudiyundoukenengxingchengjiangshui

积云

“棉花团”

jiyunchangjian

chengmianxuzhuang,yundipingtan

lunkuofenming,dingbulongqi

yunkuaijianyibanbuxianglian

duoshiyuanyushangshengnuanqiliu

chanshengdicengkongqiduiliuzuoyong

shishuiqiningjieercheng

yeyouyixieshiyuanyudongjininghua

shoudibiaowendubianhuayingxiang

tongchangxingchengyurichuhoujixiaoshi

zairiluozhiqianxiaosan

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淡积云

jiyuntongchangshihaotianqidexiangzheng

daduoshushihoubuhuijiangshui

danshiruguokongqibuwending

jiyunfazhanyuelaiyuehou

youdanjiyunbianchengzhongjiyunzaibianchengnongjiyun

jiukenengzaochengzhouyu

yekenengjinyibufazhanchengjiyuyun

image.png

浓积云

积雨云

“耸立的高山”

younongjiyunyanbianerlai

yuntinonghoupangda

yundianchen,yejiushitongchangsuoshuode“wuyun”

suiranyundilidimianhenjin

yundingquekenenggaodaguowanmi

jiyuyunshiduiliuyunfazhandejishengjieduan

xingchengziqiangliedeshangshenghexiachenqiliu

changbansuizhedafeng、leidian

huijiangyu、jiangbao

shenzhiouerhuixingchenglongjuanfeng

ruyouduogejiyuyunaizaiyiqi

haikenengxingchengduodantifengbaohuochaojidantifengbao

image.png

层积云

“天空盖棉被”

cengjiyunshifenbuzuiguangdeyun

daxiao、bohoubujun

chengtiaozhuang、pianzhuanghuotuanzhuang

chengbaisedaoshenhuisediao

tuankuaizhijianjinmixianglianhuoluchufengxi

tongchanghuizhedangzhudaliangyangguang

yibanshiyoudaqibodongheduiliuhunhezuoyong

shishuiqiningjieercheng

dangyuncengfazhanjiaohoushi

huixingchengduanshijiangyuhuojiangxue

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genjuyundetouguangqingkuang

liruyinbohou、fengxidaxiaodengyinsudechayi

huiyoutouguangcengjiyun、louguangcengjiyun、biguangcengjiyun

youshixingchengdingdaerxianxiang

huozhechengzuoyunxiguang

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层云

“低空罩上白纱”

yuncengjunyunchengmuzhuang

yundijulidimianhenjin,xiangnongwu

jingchanglongzhaoshantihegaocengjianzhu

shizaidaqiwendingdetiaojianxia

yejianfushelengque、kongqitaishenglengque、tuanliuhunhedengyuanyin

liruchaoshidekongqijingguohanlengdehaimianhuoxuedi

huoshijingguoshanpotaisheng

shishuiqiningjielengquehuowuqitaishengercheng

tongchangzairichuhouyinqiwenshenggaoerxiaosan

youshihuijiangxiamaomaoyuhuomixue

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这种白茫茫一片的低云就是层云

pingliuwudexingchengyucengyunleisi

zhishifengjiaoweiwenhe

ruguozheizhongyundidaodibiaofujin

jiubeichengweiwuhuoai

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上海陆家嘴的平流雾

雨层云

“雨下个不停”

yucengyundeyundihendi、junyunqiehunan

yuncenghenhou,da4000-5000mi

fugaifanweitongchanghenda,zhetianbiri

tongchangshiyougaocengyunbianhou、xiajiangercheng

huozheshizaifengmian(lengnuanqituandejiaojiemian)

youyunuanshikongqishoudaolengkongqihuanmantaisheng

lengqueningjieercheng

jiangshuichijiu

yundijingchangchuxianyansegengshendesuicengyun(suiyuyun)

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zhongyundeyundigaodujiehu2500-5000mizhijian

duoyouweixiaoshuidi、bingjing、xuejingdenghunheercheng

高层云

“超大毛玻璃”

gaocengyunduochenghuisehuohuibaise

huifugaifeichangguangkuodetiankong

houduzai1500-3500mizhijian

tongchangshiyougaochudejuancengyunzenghouxingcheng

fashengzailengnuankongqipengzhuangshi

nuankongqishangshengdaozhi

image.png

gaocengyundedibushichangchuxiantiaowenjiegou

zhengtiwaiguanbijiaochenmen

shaobodetouguanggaocengyun

keyikandaotaiyanghuoyueliang

rutonggezheyicengmaoboli

jiaohoudebiguanggaocengyunzebuxing

高积云

“形态种类的王者”

gaojiyunshixuduochengtuandexiaoyunkuai

weibaisehuohuise

beiduitaiyangdeyicenengkandaoyinying

tongchangshizaigaokongniwencengxiajujilejiaoduoshuiqi

suizhekongqibodongshangshengerlengquexingcheng

qiyunzhong、xingtaifeichangduo:

chengcengzhuang、jiazhuang、baozhuang、wangzhuang、yulinzhuangdengdeng

peiheqiadangdeyangguang

nenggouxingchengduoyangqiemeilideyunjing

image.png

ruguogaojiyundeyuntibuhouqiewending

tongchangyushizhehaotianqi

danruguochixuzenghou、lianchengyipian

zekenenghuibianchengyintianshenzhijiangshui 


image.png

gaoyunyouweixiaodebingjingzucheng

yundigaoduyibanzai5000miyishang

卷云

“漫天羽毛”

youbingjingzuchengdejuanyun

fenbuzai6000-12000midegaokong

shigaokongbingjing

zaiduiliucengyoufeng“hui”chengduobiandexingzhuang

tongchangyouzhesixianbandeguangze

kenengchengsitiaozhuang、yumaozhuang、gouzhuang、pianzhuangdengdeng

jirenyizhongxianqipiaopiaodeganjue

youfangfoyumaopiaodangtianji

maojuanyunshiqizhongdedianxing

yundesizhuangxianweijiegoushifenqingxi

qiewangwangyushizheqingtian

image.png

ruguojuanyunzenghou

bingqiezaitiankongzhongzhujianpuzhankailai

daibiaozhegaokongshiduzengda

yunduokaishilianxufazhan

jianghuixingchengyucengyun

dayue1tiandeshijianhuichanshengjiangyuhuojiangxue

积云

“通透的纹理”

juanjiyunkeyoujuanyun、juancengyun、gaojiyunyanbianercheng

youyujulidimianhenyuan

juanjiyunkanshangqutongchangdoushihenxiaodeyunkuai

changchengbaiseyulinpianzhuang

shiyougaokongdaqicengbuwendingchanshengdebodongxingcheng

chengxing、chengqundipailiezaigaokong

dehenzixidikan

cainengkanqingyuncengdejiegouhewenli

image.png

卷层云

“光晕制造者”

juancengyunxingtaixibo

shiyicengfugaidamianjitiankongdebingjing

junyunqiechengrubaise

youshihuichengxiantiaozhuanghuoxianweizhuang

juancengyundapiandebingjing

tebierongyizheshe、fansheyangguang

congxingchengyixiliedeguanghu、guanghuan、guangban

tongcheng“yun”xianxiang

shifouyou“yun”

shiyigequbiegaocengyunhejuancengyundehaobanfa

image.png

ruguojuancengyunzhujianzenghou

gaodujiangdi

yushizhetianqijiangqibianhua

you“riyunsangengyu,yueyunwushifeng”deminyan

erruguomeiyoumingxianbianhua

huozheyunliangzhujianjianshao

zeyiweizhetianqiwending


zhici,niyilejieleyundejibenzhongleijitezheng

buguohenduoshihou

zhenzhengyinqiwomenzhuyide

duoshiyixieqitedeyun

yixiajigeyunzhong、bianzhongburongcuoguo


image.png

muqiansuoyouyizhideyunzhonghefushutezheng

doukeyiguirushangshudeyunshu

erqiekenengchuxianzaiduogeshuzhong

lirujiyun、gaojiyun、juanjiyundoukenengxingchengjiazhuangyun

qizhongbufenyunzhong、bianzhong、fushutezhenggewaituchu

乳状云

“牛羊的乳房”

ruzhuangyunyouchengxuanqiuzhuangyun

xingsiniuyangderufang

zhuangguanerqite

tongchangchuxianzaibaofengyuzhihou

juanjiyun、gaojiyun、jiyuyundengdexiafang

zaijiyuyunxiayouweimingxian

danshijutixingchengyuanyinshangweiyoumingque、tongyidedinglun

yizhongshuofashi

yundingdeshangshengqiliudaodapingliuceng

wufajixushangsheng

lengquehouxiachen

zaidichuyudaoshangshengdeshinuanqiliu

bufenshuiqiningjiechengyuntuan

image.png

image.png

火积云

“火花带闪电”

senlinranshao、huoshanpenfa、fadianzhanpaiyan

gaowenhuichanshengduiliuqiliu

ruguozhouweideshuifenzugou

shangshengdeqizhujiuhuixingchengyun

tianranxingchengdejiaozuohuojiyun

renweizaochengdechengzuoyanyun

zheileixingchengziranshao、gaowenkongqideyun

wangwanghaibansuizhewushudeweixiaokeli(chenai)

zuoweiyundideningjiehe

shidechengpian、houshideyunrongyichengxing

erqiekenenghuiyouhenshendeyanse

lingwai,bufenhuojiyunrongyichanshengshandian

mengliedeshanhuo、huoshanbaofa

youjihuixingchengjiweizhuangguandehuojiyun

微信图片_20210630173845.gif

微信图片_20210630173929.gif

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宇航员从太空拍到的火积云

云瀑

“真·飞流直下三千尺”

yunpuweiyouzhengshidengjizaigedayuntuzhong

tabingfeitianqixianxiang

ershizaidixingqifudadequyu

rushanqu、gaoyuanbianyuan

tongchangshiyinweiyunshoufengqudong

yueguodouqiaodeshanjishi

zaizhonglidezuoyongxia

midujiaodadeyunconggaochuxiangdichuqingxie

zaochengxingsipubudejingguan

image.png

牛背山的云瀑

辐辏状云

“风绘制的透视杰作

fucouzhuangyun,huozhejiaofangshezhuangyun

zai3geyunzuzhongdouhuichuxian

shimougeyuncenggaodushang

pingxingdeyunkuai、yuntiaoshunzhefengxiangyanshendejieguo

youyutoushixiaoying

yuntiaofangfoxiangshanggongqi

bingshoushuyudipingxianliangduandefushedian

qizhongdiyunzuzhongdefucouzhuangjiyun

conggaokongfukanhenxiangyitiaotiaojiedao

beichengwei“yunjie”

laiziduiliucengdingbudefucouzhuangjuanyun

keyibeigaokongdefengpuzhanchujiyuandejuli

image.png

zheizhongyunjingchangbeishuochengshidizhenyun

qishigenbenwuguan

chuncuishigeleiyunxingtaidebianzhongeryi

荚状云

“不明飞行物?”

jiazhuangyunchengtutoujingzhuang

cengbeidangchengufo

kejianyu3dayunzuzhong

tongchangdoushiyouchaoshiqiliu

yueguoshangshengdixing(ruqiuling、shanpo)shi

lengquexingcheng

jiazhuangyunchangzaifengsuhengdingdefengzhongpanxuan

weizhixiangduiguding

image.png

dangqiliuzhongdechaoshikongqi

shoudaoganzaokongqifenceng

zheizhongqingkuangxiaxingchengdejiazhuangyun

jiukenengchengxiancengcengdiediedexingtai

xingsiyiluopanzi

image.png

youshihou,nihuikandaoshandaishangleyunde“maozi”

zheizhongshanmaoyun

shiwendingqiliushangshengyueguoshanfengshi

yulengxingchengyun(shandingwendudi)

shuyujiazhuangyunzhongdeteli

image.png

贡嘎山的山帽云

波状云

“冲浪吗?上天的那种”

yuncengbiaomianhuoshiyunkuaizishendepailie

youzhebodongqifudewaiguan

jiusuanshibozhuangyun

zheishiyinweidaqizhongyouzhedafanweideqiliubodong

erzaiyuncengshangfanghexiafang

kongqiliusuhuoliudongfangxiangbuyiyang

liangzhongqiliudeqiebianxiaoyingxingchengle“bolang”

heshatanshangchaoshuituiquehoudewenlihenxiang

image.png

lingwaibozhuangyunhaiyouyigeteshuqiehanjiandebianzhong

neijiushikaierwen-haimuhuoziboyun

huochengdielangyun

xingsihaianbiandehailang

youfengqiebianyinqi

微信图片_20210630182839.gif

image.png

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zhongguochuantongdexuduoxiangyunwenshi

suiranyuanxingbuyidingjiushibozhuangyun

danqueshiyouhendadexiangsizhichu

image.png

汉代漆笥上的大雁、祥云图案

图自《中华遗产》2016年11月


yunzhiqianbianwanhua

nanyizaiyipianwenzhangneijinshunangkuo

womenduiyunderenshihaizaifazhan

“shouji”daodeyunzhongyebuduanzengjia

erzailejieqixiangzhishizhiwai

“kanyun”benshenjiushiyijianqieyi、langmandeshi

nenggoulingrenfangkong,yinfazhesi

zaidufushi:

“tianshangfuyunsibaiyi,sixugaibianrucanggou”

zaiguchengshi:

“nikanyunshihenjin,nikanwoshihenyuan”

renshengyishi

bieguangguzhemaitouganlu

dekongjidetaitoukankanyun


cankaoziliao

1. 《zhongguoyuntu》,zhongguoqixiangju

2. 《guojiyuntu》,shijieqixiangzuzhi

3.  <yunshoudaolebugongzhengdeduidai>,danzhiqiang,《zhongguoguojiadili》2012nian09yue

4. 《yuncaishoujizheshouce》,jiawen·puleite - pingni


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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