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缓冲溶液
发布时间:2021-06-28     作者:   来源:全国科学技术名词审定委员会   分享到:

缓冲溶液

buffer solution

dingyi:nengdixiaoshaoliangwailaiwuzhideyingxiang,baochitixidemouzhongtezhengliangbufashengxianzhubianhuaderongye。

xueke:huaxue_fenxihuaxue_huaxuefenxi

xiangguanmingci: phzhi suanjiandiding huanchongrongliang


【延伸阅读】

zaihuaxuefenxizhong,huanchongrongyezhuyaozhijinshulizihuanchongrongye(kongzhimoujinshulizihuopeitinongduzaiyidingfanwei)hesuanjianhuanchongrongye(duirongyedesuanduyouwendingzuoyong)。

zaiyixiepeiweihuaxuefanyingzhong,weilejiangdifufanyingdefasheng,xuyaojiezhuyoupeiweihuahewuhepeitizuchengdejinshulizihuanchongrongye。

suanjianhuanchongrongyeyibanyounongdujiaodaderuosuanjiqigongejianzucheng,xiangzheileirongyezhongyinrushaoliangdesuanhuojian,huoduiqishaojiaxishishi,rongyedesuandujibenbaochibubian。ciwai,nongdujiaodadeqiangsuanrongye、qiangjianrongyeyekezuoweihuanchongrongye,yinweiqiangsuanrongyezhongh+huoqiangjianrongyezhongdeoh-nongdujiaoda,zengjiashaoliangdesuanhuojianbuhuiduirongyedesuanduchanshengdadeyingxiang。xianran,qiangsuan、qiangjianrongyezhishiyuzuogaosuandu(ph<2)hegaojiandu(ph>12)shidehuanchongrongye,tamenduixishimeiyouhuanchongzuoyong。

suanjianhuanchongrongyezaihuaxue、shengwuhuaxuehelinchuangyixuezhong,shiweichishenghuafanyingxiangtedingfangxiangjinxingdezhongyaoyinsu。shengwuyaoweichishengminghuodong,qiphbixubaochizaiyidingfanweinei,fouzejiuhuidaozhisiwang。zaishengwulaiyuandewuzhizhongcanyuphkongzhihuogouchenghuanchongtixidewuzhiyoudanbaizhi、youjisuanheruodewujisuanjiqiyan。

zhiwuzhongsuohandeningmengsuan(ningmeng、fanqieduohan)、pingguosuan(pingguo、wojuduohan)、caosuan(wojuduohan)yijijiushisuan(putao、boluoduohan),doushigouchenghuanchongtixidewuzhi,tamenyibanyulinsuanyanyiqizuoyonglaikongzhiph。niurushiyigefuzadehuanchongtixi,tahanyoueryanghuatan、danbaizhi、linsuanyan、ningmengsuanyanheqitachengfen。

shipinjiagongguochengzhong,yaoshitixidephwendingzaiyuqideshuiping,bixutongguohuanchongtixi。zaishipingongye,putaotangsuan、yisuan、ningmengsuanhelinsuandenayanjingchangyongyukongzhiphhediaojiesuanwei。zaidiaojiesuanweishang,ningmengsuanyanyouyulinsuanyan,qisuanweixiandegengweipinghe。


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