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石榴的花和果实
发布时间:2021-06-25     作者:   来源:科普中国   分享到:

shiliushishiliukeshiliushuzhiwu,weiluoyeguanmuhuoxiaoqiaomu,yuanchanyugubosi(jixianzaideyilang、afuhandengdi),2000duonianqian,yansichouzhiluchuanruwoguo。shiliuchuchunxinyehongnen,ruxiafanhuasijin,zhongqiushuoguogaogua,shendongtieganqiuzhi,bujinyingyangjiazhigao,erqiehaijuyouguanshangjiazhi,qihuaheguoshidoushizhenguidemiyuan、yaocaiheduozhonghuagongchanpindeyuancailiao,yingyongshifenguangfan。

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石榴花 熊和生 摄

shiliudehuaweiliangxinghua(jitongyiduohualitongshiyouci、xiongrui),yinciruifayuchengdubutong,youfenweiwanquanhua(jitongyiduohuazhonghuae、huaguan、cirui、xiongruisibufenjuquan)hebuwanquanhua(jitongyiduohuazhonghuae、huaguan、cirui、xiongruisibufenqueshaoyibufenhuojibufen)。wanquanhuachenghuluzhuanghuotongzhuang,buwanquanhuadeetongchenglabaxing。shiliuhuaduoshuweihongse,chucizhiwaihaiyoubai、huang、fenhongdengyanse。huabanganzaohouduozhousuo,zhengtichengluanxinghuoluanyuanxing,bianyuanchangyoupoque,youcucaogan,juyouteshudexiangwei,weidaoweisuanerse。

xiandaiyiyaoxueyanjiubiaoming,shiliuhuahanyouhuangtonglei、rouzhilei、santielei、huifayouleihesesudengchengfen,qigongxiaohenduo,nengruanhuaxueguan、shengjinkaiwei、zhixie、jiedu、jiangwen、kangweisuanguoduodeng。lingwai,yaolixueyanjiufaxianshiliuhuajuyoukangyanghua、kangshuailao、kangjun、kangbingdu、jiangxueya、jiangxuezhi、kangdongmaiyinghuahehugandengyaolihuoxing,yinci,shiliuhuajuyouhengaodeyaoyongjiazhihekaifaqianli。

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石榴 熊和生 摄

yinshiliudeguohuaweizifangxiawei,yuzhongzhuangetongliansheng,zifangbiheetonggongtongxingchengleshiliudeguopi,gushiliudeguoshishuyujiaguo;youyinetongqianduanfenliewei5gezhi8geepian,epiansucun,gushideshiliuyuanqiuxingguoshidedingduanjuyouleisihuangguandedutejiegou,zhengtikusiyangcongtou。shiliudeguoshichengshuhou,guopiyansechengxianhongse、honghese、huanghesehehuangbaise,yinpinzhongeryousuobutong。shiliudeguopijiaohou,qineitongchangfenwei6gezifangshi,youjibodemojiangqifenge,meigezifangshineiyouxuduozhongzi。shiliuzhongzidewai、zhongzhongpiweirouzhiceng,jiwomenpingshishiyongdebufen,chengxianhong、fenhong、huangsehuobaise,neihanzhiye。

shiliudeguoshiwaixingbaomanmeiguan,ziliduoqiejingyingduozhi,tongchangyuyiduoziduofu,shishenshourenmenxiaidechuantongguopinzhiyi。beisongshibianzhuande《tujingbencao》yishuzhongduishiliuyouxiangximiaoshu:“shiyuanruoqiu,dingyoujianban,dazherubei,xiaozheruluan;pisebandian,jingjiezeshizilie,zhongrufengwo,youhuangmofenge。ziliepai,yabaizherushuijing,hongzherubaozhu,danhongjiebaizheweigan,shenhongzheweisuan”,jiangqixing、se、weifangmianmiaoshudeshifenxingxiangshengdong。

xiandaiyingyangxueyanjiubiaoming:shiliuxianguozhonghanyoushuifen、tanshuihuahewu、cuxianwei、danbaizhi、zhifang、kuangwuzhi、weishengsucdengwuzhi。shiliushiyingyangquanmian、laoshaojieyideguozhongjiapin。chuzhijieshiyongwai,shiliuguoshihaikeyijiagongchengguozhi、guojiu、guocu、yinliao、guodong、shala、jingyoudengduozhongjiagongpin。

shiliuchulehuaheguoshideyaoyong、shiyongjiazhiwai,qigenxifada,kanghan、naijibo,shituigenghailin、gaishanshengtaihuanjingdeyouliangshuzhong,qieshuziguyayoumei,juyoujiaogaodeguanshangjiazhi。yinci,shiliuzaishiyong、yaoyong、yuanlinlvhua、shuitubaochidengfangmianjunjuyouzhongyaozuoyong。


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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