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鱼类登陆早有“预谋”?它们的抗焦虑能力比人类还强!
发布时间:2021-06-23     作者:江泓   来源:知识就是力量   分享到:

ruguowogaosuni,congmouzhongjiaodushangdingyi,renleihejintiandiqiushangsuoyoudeburudongwudoushiyu,nikenenghuimaochuyichuanwenhao。shishishang,womendezuxianhenkenengjiushishenghuozaishuizhongdeyu,tamenzaijujinyue3.5yinianqiandengshangludi,kaipilejizhuidongwudexinjiyuan。rujin,zhongguokexuejialiyongjiyinjishujiekaileyuleidenglubeihoudianfurenmenrenzhidemimi。

鱼类登陆早有准备

yuleidengshangludideguochengsihuhenjiandan,yuanbenshenghuozaishuizhongdeyuyinweiyixieteshudeyuanyinpashangleludi,zuizhongbianchenglesizudongwu,yejiushilushengjizhuidongwu。zaizheigeguochengzhong,tamenzhujianwanchenglehuxixitong、yundongxitongheshenjingxitongdengbufenshiyinglushengshenghuodeyanhuahegaibian。danshi,shishizhenderucijiandanma?

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2021nian2yue,zhongguokexuejiazaiguojizhimingkexuezazhi《xibao》shanglianfaliangpianlunwen,yijiyinzuyanjiuweijichujiekaileyuleidengluguochengzhongdemituan。

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jiranshiyaoyanjiuyuleidenglu,neidangranyaocongyuanguyuleizheshou。womenzainanengzhaodaoshenghuozainipenjideyuni?kexuejiazhaolailetidaipin,tamenjiushiduoqiyu、chiwenxun、gongqiyuheequeshan,zheixieyuleidoushiyuanshidefuqiyulei。zaizhei4zhongxiancundeyuanshifuqiyuleidangzhong,duoqiyuzuijudaibiaoxing,tajinenggouzhijiehuxikongqi,xiongqizhonghaiyouzhenzhengdegutou,huotuotuojiushiyitiaozhengzhunbeidengludeyu。

灵活四肢助登陆

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kexuejiafenxileduoqiyudejiyinzu,yusizudongwujiyinzujinxingduibihoujingyafaxian,yuanlaizaitadejiyinzhongjingranjuyoukongzhisizhilinghuoxingdegongnengyuanjian,erzheixieyuanjianchengweisizudongwuhoulaisizhiyanhuafayudejiyinchuangxinjichu。yuanlai,zaoqiyingguyuleidejiyinzhongcunzaisizudongwusizhifayudejichu,danshi,tamendehoudaizhenguyuleiquemeiyouzheileijiyin,xianranshizaihoulaideyanhuaguochengzhongdiushile。zheiyifaxianchedidianfulewomenduiyuyuleidengludechuantongrenzhi,yuanlaikongzhisizhifayudejiyinzaiyuleiyusizudongwudegongtongzuxianshenshangzaojiuyijingcunzai,erfeiyuleizaidengluguochengzhongturanchuxiande。

成功登陆 大口呼吸

yusizhifayucunzaixiangtongqingkuangdehaiyoufeideyanhua。womendouzhidaoyuxiangyaolikaishuidaoludishangshenghuo,bixuyaokefudekunnanjiushizhijiehuxikongqi,xiangyaohuxikongqijiubixuyoufeicaixing。yushirenmenyouxiangdangrandirenweifeishiyuleidengluguochengzhongchuxiande。zaiyuleitineicunzaiyubiaojiegou,qizhongchongmanqitizhihoukeyidiaojieshentizaishuizhongdeshangfuhexiaqian,xiangdangshenqi。jintiandeyixieyulei,qiyubiaooueryekeyiyongyuhuxikongqi,suoyifeilisuoyingdangshiyouyubiaoyanbianerlaide。jinhualunzhifudaerwenzaisikaoleyuleideyubiaohesizudongwudefeizhihou,dadantichuyubiaohefeishitongyuanqiguandejiashuo。zhongguokexuejiadeyanjiuzhengminglezheiyijiashuo,zaoqideyingguyuleishenshangcunzaizhe“yuanfei”,zheigeqiguanzaisizudongwushenshangbianchenglefei,erzaiyuleideshenshangbianchengleyubiao。

zhongguokexuejiatongguojiyinzuyanjiuzhengmingleyuleiyusizudongwudegongtongzuxianshenshangjiuyijingjuyoulesizhihefeideyichuanchuangxinjichu,suoyiyuleidenglujuefeiouran,ershizaoyouyumouqiezuolechongzuzhunbeide。

破译超强基因组

wulunshiyuanshidefuqiyulei,haishihoulaidezhenguyulei,doumeinengbaituoduishuideyilai,xiangfanshiyutamenyouzhegongtongzuxianderouqiyuleizuizhongyanhuachulesizudongwu,wanchengledengludezhuangju。dangkexuejiaquedingleyuleibijiangdengluzhihou,xiayibujiushitansuoyuleizaidengluguochengzhongjiyinruhechuangxin,jianglixiangzuizhongbianchengxianshi。

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xindeyanjiuduixiangbuzaishifuqiyulei,ershiyusizudongwuyouzhezuijinqinyuanguanxidefeiyu。feiyushuyurouqiyulei,tabingbushizhenzhangchulefei,ershikaoyubiaohuxikongqi,zheizhongyuzaishentijiegou、shenglihexingweidengfangmiandoujiejinliangqidongwu,shiyitiao“feizhuliu”deyu。

tongguoduifeiyujiyinzudejiexiheyanjiu,kexuejiafaxianyuleidengluguochengzhong,feibudeyanhuajinglilesanbuzou:diyibushixianyongyouhuxikongqinenglideyuanshijiyin;dierbushihuodehuxikongqidegengduojiyinhejiegou;disanbushichuxianzhenzhengnenggouhuxikongqideqiguan——fei。zheisanbuzoufenbiefashengzaiyingguyuleizuxian、rouqiyuleihezaoqisizudongwujieduan,biaoxianzeshihuxikongqidenenglibuduanjiaqiang。

chuleyaboapphuxixitongdeyanjiu,tongguojiexifeiyujiyinzu,kexuejiahaifaxiansizhishangdewuzhixingtaishizaisizudongwuchuxianhouxingchengde,sizudongwuhaicongzuxianneilijichenglegengqiangdekangjiaolvnengli,zheibianshizaiyundongxitongheshenjingxitongshangdegaibian。

zhongguokexuejiazaiyuleidenglufangxiangshangdeyanjiujiekailezheiyishengmingyanhuazhongdashijianbeihoudezhenxiang,yuanlaizaiyuleiyusizudongwudegongtongzuxianshenshangzaojiuweidengshangludidaxiajichu。yuqishuowomenshiyiqundutedeyu,daoburushuojintiandeyuleiyijing“wangleben”。yanjiutongshiyebiaozhizhezhongguozaichaodajiyinzujiexifangmianyijingdadaoleguojidingjianshuiping,shizhongguokejikeyannenglideyouyigedaibiao。zaiweilai,pingjiezheqiangdadejiyinzujiexiheyanjiunengli,zhongguokexuejiabijiangjiekaigengduodiqiushengmingyanhuazhimi!


(zuozhedanwei:yantaishibowuguan)


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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