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王明健:中国第一颗原子弹的燃料功臣
发布时间:2021-06-22     作者:鲍宇雁 梅旭航   来源:光明网   分享到:

  

王明健:中国第一颗原子弹的燃料功臣

      wangmingjian,1934nian6yuezaihubeishengxiangfanshinanzhangxianchusheng,1955nianbiyeyuzhangshazhongnankuangyexueyuan,houchengweijijiangongchengbing25zhiduidegaojigongchengshi,zaitasanshiniandejunlvshengyazhong,hetayiqigongzuodezhanyoubuzhidaotadezhenshixingming,zheishiyinweitayuzhongguodiyikeyuanzidanyouzhemiqiedelianxi。

  ganjingtiandongdishi zuoyinxingmaimingren

  1955nian,wangmingjianjijiangcongzhangshazhongnankuangyexueyuanbiye,yitian,xiliturantongzhiwangmingjianquxiaozhangbangongshi,bangongshili,liangmingmeiyoutouluxingmingzhiwudejunrenduitashuo:zuzhishangyaoxuanpainiqucongshiyixiangfeichangzhongyaodegongzuo,nijiechudaodesuoyiyiqiebunenggenrenherenshuo,baokuofumu,yebunenggaosutamennizainaer。suihou,bianbeipaidaobeijinggensuisulianzhuanjiaxuexihegongyezhishi。

  1958nian,wangmingjianjiedaoerjibudemimihuiyitongzhi,shiguofangbubuzhangsongrenqiongchuandalemaozhuxidezhishi:zhongguodiyikeyuanzidantiqianbaozha,buyikaosulian。erzhongguodiyikeyuanzidannengfoutiqianbaozha,dangwuzhijibianshijiejueyuanliaowenti。

  youshizhizaohewuqizhongbibukeshaodexiyoujinshu,xiangdanganggui,jiazhishihuangjindejibaibei,yeshiyanjiuhezhizaoyuanzidandezhongyaoyuancailiao。jinguandangshiyijingtanmingfengfudeyoukuangziyuan,danshiyinweijishuyuanyin,woguodeyoukuangshengchanchichimeinengqibu,gengmeiyouzhengguideyoukuanghechuliyoukuangshidegongchang。yushierjibujuedingzaiguangdongmoucunjianli309daduishuiyechang,renmingwangmingjianweichangzhangjianjishufuzeren,yaoqiubannianneizhiquchuyuanzidansuoxudeeryanghuayoudeyuanliaozhongyousuanan。

  zhizaodiyikeyuanzidanjixuliangduneryanghuayouzuoyuanliao,raneryibandetianranyoukuangshi,nengzuoweiyuanzidanyuanliaodechengfenzhihanqianfenzhiji,yaocongkuangshilibazheiqianfenzhijideyoutiquchulai,xuyaodaliangdefangfushicailiao,mianduidangshiguoneiboruodegongyejichu,wangmingjianzhiyougaibianyoukuangdetiqufangfa,caiyoukenengwanchengzhongyangjiaobanderenwu。

王明健:中国第一颗原子弹的燃料功臣

  jinguanrenwujianju,danwangmingjianmeiyousihaotuiyi:“dangjiaojiwoderenwu,bixuwancheng!”tajiaojinnaozhikusimingxiang:“weishenmebunengyongxiliusuanjikuangshi‘xizao’ni!bakuangshigaochenghuangdouzheiyangdaduizaiyigedawengli,yongxiliusuanxita,tajiumeiyouhuaxuepinghengle,buduandizaitugunaxin。”wangmingjiandezheitaocongyoukuangshizhongtilianyoudefangfajiushi“jianyilianyoufa”,houlaiyoubeirenmenchengwei“tufalianyou”。shishizhengming,zheiyeshidangshizuixingzhiyouxiaodebanfa。anzhaowangmingjiandesheji,1958nian8yuexiazhuangshuiyechangzhengshitourugongzuo,zheibianshiquanguodiyijiazibanlianyouchang。

  zaiwangmingjiandedailingxia,gongrenmenriyefenzhan,zhongyuzaibannianneiwanchenglezhongyangjiaobanderenwu。erhou,youjingguoliangnianbandekuzhan,xiazhuangshuiyechangshengchanle71.3dundezhongyousuanan,zhandangshiquanguotufalianyoudezongliangde67%,shirenerjibubuzhangliujieshuo:“youlezheiyipizhongyousuanan,weijinyibudeshengchanheranliao,weitiqiannenggouzhunshidibaozhadiyikeyuanzidanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。”

  sheqixiaowoweidajia toushenguofangzhongbuhui

  weilewanchengdangderenwu,wangmingjianshexiaojia,jiangzishenanweidouzhizhiduwai。yinweigongzuoxingzhiyaoqiuxingchengjueduibaomi,1956niandongshenqianwangbeijingzhiqian,wangmingjianhuilesantianlaojia,buxiangcongciyufumuyibiechengyongjue。

  1958niandi,jiazhongfalaidianbaoshuonainaibingwei,danneishizhengshikeyanshengchanjinzhangshiqi,zaijiayuguodejiannanjuezezhijian,wangmingjianyiranxuanzelehouzhe。“womeibanfahuiqu,womianduideshiguojiadashi。”wangmingjianshuo。dierfengdianbaofalaishi,nainaiyijingqushi,wangmingjianduizhedianbaokeleyigetou,youtourudaogongzuozhong,“wocongxiaoshinainaiyangdade,kezhidaotaguoshi,douhaibuzhidaowozaiwaimianganshenme!”zheichenglewangmingjianduonianlaidehanshi。

  1959nian8yue,wangmingjianzaishiyanzhong,liangcijinglilehanyouhefushedebaozha,shenshangduochubeishaoshang,“jinglileliangcijudadebaozha,woshisilitaosheng”,erwangmingjiancongweihouhuizijidexuanze,tadexinnianshizhongruyidejianding。

  1964nian4yue,jingguofanfushiyan,tazhongyuchedijiejueleyuanzidanderanliaowenti,tongnian10yue16rixiawu3shi,woguodiyikeyuanzidanbaozhachenggong,cihou,xiazhuang309dadui11fenduideduiyuanmenyechelilexiazhuanggefuqiancheng。eryinweixiazhuangyaochoubangengdadeyoushuiyechang,wangmingjianxuanzeleliuxia,fangqilehuibeijingdejihui。cong1964nianyizhidao1995nian,wangmingjianyizhizaixiazhuangmomoweizhongguodehegongyejixufendou,buqiumingbuqiuli,yixinzhixiangweiguojiazuogongxian。“wozheiyisheng,nengweizhongguorenminzuixuyao,zuihuihuangdeshiyezuochugongxian,wojuedetaiyouyiyile。”

  wangmingjianduizhongguodiyikeyuanzidantiqianbaozhazuochudegongxianshibukemomiede,kechengzhongguodiyikeyuanzidanlianyouzhifu。jishinianlai,wangmingjianduiweidiyikeyuanzidanbaozhazuochudegongxianbikoubutan。zhidao2014nianqingzhuyuanzidanbaozha50zhounian,guojia“liangdanyixing”bangongshizhaodaowangmingjian,wentahaiyoushenmeyaoqiushi,wangmingjianhuihuishou:“womeiyourenheyaoqiu,zhiyaozuguoherenminxuyao,wowushangguangrong!”

  yishengjincui,guoshiwushuang。1995niantuixiuhou,wangmingjianjuzhuzaishaoguanshiqu,qianxinkeyan,xiwangyoushengzhiniannengzaiweirenminzuochugongxian,tashuo:“buyaoweizijihuozhe,renweizijihuozhehenmiaoxiao,renshengzuimeihaodeshidangnitingzhishengcunshi,hainengyinidefamingchuangzaoweirenleifuwu。”

  2020nian7yue7rishangwu,wangmingjianzaiguangdongshishi,xiangnian87sui。


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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