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4000多年前的古蜀先民以何为食以何为居
发布时间:2021-06-11     作者:   来源:光明日报   分享到:

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红土台地的大型房址 资料图片 

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碳化水稻 资料图片 

  4000duonianqian,chengdoupingyuandegushuxianminyiheweishi?zheiyiwentiyouledaan。chengdouwenwukaoguyanjiuyuanriqianduiwaigongbubaodunyizhizuixinniandutianyekaogufajuechengguo,zaigaiyizhineifaxianlejujin4000duonianqiandeshuidaotianyiji,zheishichengdoupingyuanqijinweizhifaxiandezuizaodeshuidaotian,yeshizhangjiangshangyoufaxiandezuizaodeshuidaotian,duilejiezhangjiangshangyouhechengdoupingyuanshiqianshuidaozhongzhishijuyouzhongdayiyi。

  tongshi,cicikaogufajuehaishoucifaxianlebaodunshiqizuoweijianzhugoujianshiyongdetanhuazhupian。zheishimuqiansuofaxiandechengdoupingyuanzuizaoyoujizhidefangwugoujian,jinyibuzhengshilezhuguniqiangjianzhuzaichengdoupingyuandejiuyuanlishi。

  zhiqian,tongguozhiwukaogu,baodunyizhifaxianle4500nianqiandetanhuashuidao、shu、sujiqitazhiwuyicun。genjuciciduibaodunguchengdekaogufajue,querenlechengdoushizhangjiangshangyouhechengdoupingyuandaozuowenmingfayuandi,diandinglegushuwenmingdejingjijichu。

  最早的水稻田藏在两米以下的地层里 

  “minjiangshuirun、maolinxiuzhu、meitianmiwang、shufengyayun”detianfutianyuanhuajuanshiruhehuijiude?weiyuchengdouxinjindebaodunguchengyizhizhengxiangrenmenjiekaimituan。

  chengdouwenwukaoguyanjiuyuanbaodungongzuozhanfuzhanzhangtangmiaojieshao,jingguojiawenwujupizhun,baodunyizhibenniandutianyekaogufajuegongzuocongqunian10yuezhijinnian4yue。zaifajuemianji1000pingfangmidefanweinei,gongqinglihuikeng68ge、huigou8tiao、muzang5zuo,dianmianyiji1chu、hupoyiji1chu,chutushuyiwanjidebaodunshiqitaopianjijishijianshiqi,faxianbaodunshiqizuoweijianzhugoujianshiyongdetanhuazhupian,tongshifaxianbaodunshiqiyisishuidaotianyiji。

  zaifajueguochengzhong,kaogurenyuanzaidimian2miyixiadedifang,zhaodaoyicengshuipingdiceng,gaidicengcongxibeixiangdongnanfajuequwaiyanshen。rangkaogurenyuanjingyideshi,gaidicengyuchangjianderenleishenghuodicengxiangbi,jiweichunjing,jihujianbudaorenleiyiliudetaopiandengyiwu,tuzhijibendouweiyuni。

  “zheiyixinxishuoming,gaidicengbushijiandandehuzhaoduiji,yushuidaozhongzhiyouyidingguanxi。duici,kaogurenyuanjishijiangzaigaidicengzhongcaijideliangjiantuyangbiaobensongjian。”tangmiaojieshao,dui2jiantuyangbiaobenzhiguitijiancejieguoxianshi,gaidicengzhongyoushuidaozhiguitifenbu,weizhuyaonongzuowuleixing,shuidaozhiguitibaokuoshanxing、shuangfengxinghebingpaiyalingxingsanzhong。qizhong,shuangfengxingzhiguitihanliangzuigao,zhiguitinongdugaoyu100000li/ke,shanxingzhiguitinongdugaoyu80000li/ke,keyishuocongshengwuzhibiaolaijiang,gaidicengyijingjibenkeyipandingweishuidaotian。

  “weilejinyibuyanzhengchubupanduan,haiduigaidicengtujinxinglexitongcaiyangjiance。tongguoduishuidao、yushuidaobanshengdezacaoqun、turangweixingtaidezonghejianceyanjiu,gengjiaqiangleduigaiquyuweishuidaotianderending。”tangmiaoshuo,zheijiangshizhangjiangshangyoufaxiandezuizaodeshuidaotian。

  weilezuidaxiandubaohuzhenguiwenhuayichan,kaogurenyuanduiyushuidaotianquyu,caiquledamianjibaoliu、xiaomianjijiepoudefajuefangshi。zaigaiquyufaxianle1tiaoyugaiquyuxiangliantongdeshuigouyiji,1tiaoyisitiangengyiji,duochuyisishuidaogenwoyiji。shoufajuemianjixianzhi,zheipianshuidaotianshangweifajuedaobianjie。

  jingguokaogurenyuanyangpindexitongxingjiance,cicibaodunyizhikaoguchufaxian4000nianqiandetanhuashuidaowai,haifaxianleshu、sujiqitazhiwuyicun,tongguobutongyijilishuidao、shu、sudechutubilifenxi,querenlebaodunshiqixianminnongyejingjijiegouyidaoguweizhu、jianzhongsuheshu,tongshicaijiyewandou、yiyishudengzhiwuzuoweishiwudebuchong。

  首次发现成都平原最早的房屋竹构件 

  chengdoushiqianchengzhiqunfaxianledaliangdejuzhuxingjianzhuyicun。danyouyuchengdoupingyuanpiansuanxingdeturanghuanjing,jiezhiqunianyiqian,shangweimingquefaxiancancundeyoujizhijianzhugoujian。yinci,xunzhaojianzhuyicunyoujizhi,chengweikaogufajuedeyidazhongdian。

  jinnianlai,chengdouwenwukaoguyanjiuyuanyizhiduichengdoupingyuanbaodunshiqirendiguanxijinxingtansuo,tongguobuduanchazhao,zuizhongzairenleijuzhumoshitansuofangmianqudetupoxingjinzhan。ciciduibaodunyizhikaogufajuezhong,zaitaidibianyuandaotadehongshaotujizhizhongfaxianle6meitanhuazhupian。zheizhengshi,jianshezhu(mu)guniqiangjicaoshijuzhuxingjianzhu,sichuanrencongshiqianjiuyijingkaishi,zheiyichuantongyizhichixudao20shijimo。

  “zhupianchutudeneiyike,neixinshiwubijidongde。yuanlaizhishiduizhu(mu)guniqiangjicaoshijianzhujinxingdehenjituice,shouhoule8nian,zhongyukandaole4500nianqiandetanhuazhuzhijianzhugoujian。”tangmiaoshuo,shiwuzhengjuzhijiezhengminglezhuguniqiangdecunzai。

  zheixiezhupianduiyingdeshinazhongzhuzi?ruhetuoshanbaohutamen?jidongzhihou,wentijiezhongerlai。duici,chengdouwenwukaoguyanjiuyuankejikaoguzhongxin、wenwubaohuzhongxinxiangguanrenyuanxunsudiduizhupianzhongshujianding、baohufangshijinxinggenjin。

  daotian、zhupianjianzhuwudefaxian,rangtangmiaoduibaodunshiqigushurenshenghuodedilikongjianyoulexindepanduan。tarenwei,baodunxianminxuanzediliweizhijiaogaodehuangtutaidiyingjianjuzhi,ermuzangzetongchangfenbuyufangqianwuhouhuotaidipangdediwaquyu。baodunshiqiyiganhedediwaquyu,yebeiyongyuzhizuoshiqihuoqitashougongyehuodong。gengweidiwadeshidi,zebeiyongyushuidaodezhongzhi。baodunjinqifaxiandeshuidaotian,jiweiyuzheipianquyu。

  baodunxianminjuzhuyushengchanshenghuodekongjianmoshiyurujindechuanxilinpandeshenghuomoshijuyoujiaodadexiangsixing。tangmiaorenwei,“chuanxilinpanshishenghuokongjianmoshi,jishirenqunduichongjipingyuanweidimaodeyizhongshiyingxingliyongfangshi。tongguojinnianduibaodunguchengyizhiweidimaodetansuo,keyiyidubaodunxianmin‘daofaziran’deshengcunzhihui。”

  链接 

  宝墩古城遗址 

  cong20shiji90niandaimokaishi,chengdoupingyuanxiangjifaxianlebaodunguchengyizhi、pixianguchengyizhi、wenjiangyufuchengyizhi、doujiangyanmangchengyizhi、chongzhoushuangheguchengyizhi、chongzhouzizhuguchengyizhi、dayiyandianguchengyizhi、dayigaoshanguchengyizhideng8zuoshiqianguchengyizhi。qizhongyiweiyuchengdoushixinjinqudebaodunguchengyizhiweizui。baodunguchengyizhishiwoguozhangjiangshangyoudiquniandaizuizao、mianjizuidadeshiqianchengzhi。8zuoguchengwenhuamianmaoxiangsi,niandaiqianhouyanxu,xueshujiejianggaiwenhuamingmingwei“baodunwenhua”。

  baodunwenhuahesanxingduiwenhuadezhitao、shiqigongyi、chengqiangxiuzhujishu、jianzhuxingtai、shengyejingjishangyoumingxiandeyanxuguanxi,sanxingduiyubaodunyouwenhuashangdejichengguanxi。conggengzaodeguiyuanqiaowenhua,daobaodunwenhua、sanxingduiwenhua、yijinshayizhiweidaibiaodeshierqiaowenhua,goulechugushuwenmingzhangda2000duoniandefazhanmailuo。(jizhe lixiaodong)


【womenzunzhongyuanchuang,yezhuzhongfenxiang。banquanyuanzuozhesuoyou,ruyouqinfannindequanyiqingjishilianxi,womenjiangdiyishijianshanchu。fenxiangneirongbudaibiaobenwangguandian,jingongcankao。】

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